Rajasthan Board RBSE Solutions for Class 7 Our Rajasthan Chapter 5 Trade in Rajasthan Textbook Exercise Questions and Answers.
Choose the correct option for the following questions and write the given brackets
1. Which of the industries is in the category of large scale industry in Rajasthan?
(a) Cold pressed oil
(c) Cotton textile industry
(d) Khadi silk
(c) Cotton textile industry
2. Which item is not exported from Rajasthan ?
(b) Precious stones
(d) Marble stones
II. Fill in the blanks
1. In 1889 in Beawar................... was established.
2. The Rajasthan government made. The Agro processing; Agricultural business and Agricultural export promotion policy in the year
1. cotton textile industry,
III. Very Short Answer Type Questions
Write the names of the goods imported into Rajasthan.
Rice, kerosene oil, mineral oil, electricity goods, machinery, transport equipments etc. are imported in Rajasthan.
Write names of two plans for encouragement of export in the state.
1. State level Export Reward scheme.
2. Export promotion, process and documentation.
IV. Short Answer Type Questions
Write in brief about the agro based industries in Rajasthan.
Most of the industries in the state are agro based.
These industires are divided into two categories:
1. Large Scale Industry: The agro based large scale industry in Rajasthan mainly includes the cotton textile industry and the sugar industry. The cotton textile industry is Rajasthan’s ancient, traditional, organised and the highest employment providing agro based indutry. In large industries, cotton textiles are widely produced by machines. Whereas in sugar industry, sugar is manufactured from sugarcane juice in large mills.
2. Small Scale and Cotttage Industry: The agro based small scale industries in the state are mainly edible oil, jaggery, unrefined sugar (Khandsari) and pulse industry. The Rajasthan Khadi and Village industries board manages khadi industries and other cottage industries in the state. Cotton khadi, khadi silk, cold pressed oil (ghani oil), jaggery and unrefined sugar, honey industry are agro based.
Define export and import and explain its importance.
Import Export: In trade, when things bought from other country or state it is called import and when goods are sold to other country or state, it is,called export.
Import-export is very important for the development and improvement of national economies and local life because all states or countries have the necessary resources and skills to produce certain goods and services.
Every item is produced under a particular geographical and environmental condition. Special natural resources, other skills and sometimes special techniques are also required for the production of things, which is not necessarily available everywhere.
Therefore, the things which are produced in a particular place are exported and the things which are less produced are imported.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. The major agro-based industries in Rajasthan are:
(a) Cotton textile industry
(b) Sugar industry
(c) Khandsari udyog
(d) Both (a) and (b)
(d) Both (a) and (b)
2. In which year was the first cotton textile mill established in Rajasthan?
(a) In 1880
(b) In 1888
(c) In 1889
(d) In 1988
(c) In 1889
3. The exchange of goods is related to:
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(c) Both (a) and (b)
4. The following are imported into Rajasthan:
(b) Mineral oil,
(d) All of the above
Fill in the blanks
3. inter state,
Very Short Answer Type Questions
Which areas are important in the economic development of Rajasthan?
Along with agriculture, industry and trade also have an important place in the economic development of Rajasthan.
Where was the first cotton textile mill established in Rajasthan?
The first textile mill in Rajasthan, “The Krishna Mills Limited”, was established in Beawar in the year 1889.
Who manages the cottage industries in Rajasthan?
The Rajasthan Khadi and Village Industries Board manages Khadi industries and other cottage industries in the state.
Rajasthan is the sole supplier of which items?
Rajasthan is a sole supplier of sorghum and pearl millet, oilseeds, deoiled seed cake, raw yarn, marble and stone, bamboo, mustard oil and fabricated yam etc.
Short Answer Type Questions
Highlight the cotton textile industry of Rajasthan.
Cotton Textile Industry: It is one of the major agro-based industries in Rajasthan. The cotton texile industry in Rajasthan’s ancient, traditional, organised and the highest employment providing agro based industry. Cotton is cultivated for this industry. When cotton is ripe, its fibre is obtained after separating from the seeds. Small tufts of cotton are made and spun on the spinning wheel to obtain cotton yarn. This yarn is then dyed to make warps. These warps are mounted on warp beams to make cloth. These are produced in large quantity by machines in the large scale industries.
The first textile mill in Rajasthan, “The Krishna Mills Limited”, was established in Beawar in the year 1889. At present cotton textile mills are established in Beawar, Bhilwara, Jaipur, Kishangarh, Pali, Hanumangarh, Kota, Sri Ganganagar, Vijayanagar etc. Bhilwara is also known as the textile city.
What do you understand by processing and export promotion?
Processing: A method by which agricultural prodcuts, especially those which are perishable, are transformed into such edible product which can be used for a longer period.
Export Promotion: The state of Rajasthan is a leader in the production of many commodities and there are many export possibilities, but not enough exports are being made. Therefore the government has implemented many schemes for the augmentation of export. A two days training is given to entrepreneurs to state their own export trade.
Rajasthan is very prosperous, but it is necessary to promote processing and export promotion in the state for economic development. For this, our government is constantly trying.
Long Answer Type Questions
What is Import Export? Highlight this in the context of Rajasthan.
Meaning of Import-Export:
When things bought from country or state it is called import and when goods are sold to other country or state, it is called export.
Everythings is produced in a specific physical and environmental conditions. Special natural resources and sometimes special technique is needed for this, which may not be available in every state. So some goods which are produced in abundance at a particular place are sold to other places, and where these are produced in less quantity they are bought from other places. This kind of exchange of goods is called trade.
Situation of Import-Export in Rajasthan:
The goods which are produced in our state, whether these are agricultural product, forest product or industrial produce, are sent from one place to another in the state. When one state trades with other state, then it is called inter state trade. Trade between one country with another country is called international trade.
Rajasthan is the leading producer of mustard and cluster beans (Gawar), carom seeds (ajwain), fenugreek, psyllium husk (isabgol), and wool. The state also has a major contribution in the production of cumin and cereal, soyabean, pulses and oilseeds, vegetables, garlic, oranges and milk. Some of the goods are sent out of the state in the natural form while some are sent out in processed form. Fruits, vegetables, dairy products are processed, which you use in the form of packed food and beverages.
In Rajasthan, sorghum (jawar) and pearl millet, oilseeds, raw yarn, deoiled seed cake (khal), marble and stone, bamboo, mustard oil and fabricated yam are exported mainly. Rajasthan is a sole supplier of these goods. Whereas rice, kerosene oil, mineral oil, electricity goods, machinery, transport equipments etc. are imported.
Many goods are also exported to other countries from Rajasthan. Cloth, precious stone and jewellery, marble stone, granite and mica, items, wool and woollen clothes, chemical and related products, handicarft, leather and leather goods, readymade clothes, engineering, agricultural and food products, mats and carpets, electronics and computer software etc are major itmes. Rajasthan is a leading producer of many itams and there are many possibilities for export, so the government has implemented many schemes for the augmentation of export. A two days training is given to entrepreneurs to start their own export trade.
Apart horn this the state government has formulated the Rajasthan agro processing, agri-business, and agricultural export promotion policy in 2019, which makes provisions for exploring export possibilities of agro-processing, agricult ure-products and taking advantage of those opportunities. This policy motivates businessmen for export of agricultural pruduce from the state.
Fruit-vegetable, dairy products are processed, which you use as packaged food, beverages. Make a list of processed food itmes with the help of your teacher.
List of Processed Food Items