Rajasthan Board RBSE Solutions for Class 6 Our Rajasthan Chapter 10 Folk Culture and Art Textbook Exercise Questions and Answers.
I. Write the correct option of the following questions in given bracket
1. Which temple is known because of mice
(a) Brahmaji Temple
(b) Kami Mata Temple
(c) Mahaveerji Temple
(d) Shivji Temple.
(b) Kami Mata Temple
2. Who is worshipped as ‘Diety of Camels’?
II. Fill in the Blanks
1. Blue pottery is distinguished by the .......... dye used to colour white pottery made with china clay.
2. Tejaji sacrificed himself for the ...........
2. protection of cows.
III. Very Short Answer Type Questions
Who is worshipped on the occasion of Gangaur?
On the occasion of Gangaur, Shiv and Parvati are worshipped.
How many dialects of western Rajasthani language are there?
IV. Short Answer Type Questions
Why is Ramdevji known as the motivator of communal harmony?
Ramdevji is known as the motivator of communal harmony. Ramdevji was the most prominent incarnate person. He encouraged communal harmony. Muslim community knows him as ‘Ram-Sa- pir’. A grand fair is held in the month of Bhadrapada in Ramdevra.
Give information about specific festivals celebrated in Rqjasthan.
Several festivals are celebrated in Rajasthan. Some festivals are specific festivals celebarated here. Some of them are as follows
(1) Gangaur: Gangaur is the colourful festival of Rajasthan. It begins on the third day of Shukla Paksh in the month of Chaitra. God Shiv along with Parvati is worshipped on Gangaur.
(2) Teej: Teej is celebrated in the month of Shravan on the third day of Shukla Paksh. Newly wed women swing on the swings fixed on the branches of trees. Kajli Teej and Satudi Teej are celebrated on the third day of the Krishna Paksh in the month of Bhadrapada.
(3) Sheetla Ashtami: Sheetla Ashtami is celebrated on the eighth day of the Shukla Paksh in the month of Chaitra. Sheetla Mata is worshipped on this day and food cooked before a day is eaten.
(4) Akshay TritiyaIt is a very demanding day. This day is also known as Aakha Teej. On this day all auspicious ceremonies are held without considering muhurt (auspicious time). Wheat, millet, barley etc. are worshipped on this day. Kheech of wheat and millet is also prepared on this day.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Which of the following is not the representative dialect of East Rajasthani language?
2. On which festival is ‘Basoda’ food served?
(b) Satudi Teej
(c) Sheetla Ashtami
(d) Aakha Teej.
(c) Sheetla Ashtami
3. Where is the famous temple of Brahmaji located?
4. In which district is the Jeena Mata fair held?
5. Who was the founder of Vishnoi sect?
(a) Dadu Dayal
(b) Jambho Ji
(c) Jasnath ji
(b) Jambho Ji
6. Bassi (Chittorgarh) is the main center of which art?
(c) Gota Work
Fill in the Blanks
1. ........... is the mother tongue of Rajasthan.
2. .......... is also known as Aakha Teej.
3. .......... fair was started by MaharanaFateh Singh.
4. Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti came to India from ........... .
5. Carving of gold on glass is known as ........... .
2. Akshay Tritiya,
3. Hariyali Amavasya,
Very Short Answer Type Questions
Who are the main tribals living in South Rajasthan?
The main tribals living in South Rajasthan are Bheel, Meena, Sahariya, Garasiya, Damor etc.
Write the names of representative, dialects of eastern Rajasthani language.
(1) Dhundhari (Jaipuri),
Write the names of any two sports played by Children in rural areas.
Write any two forms of folk theatrical style prevalent in Rajasthan.
By what name is the Teej is celebrated on the third day of the Krishna Paksh in the month of Bhadrapada ?
When is Pushkiar Fair organized?
Pushkar fair is celebrated on the full moon day of Kartik.
Write the name of any two major fairs of Rajasthan.
(1) Pushkar Fair,
(2) Kaila Devi Fair.
Who is known as Garib Nawaz?
Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti is known as Garib Nawaz.
In which district is the Bhartrihari fair held?
The Bhartrihari fair is held in Alwar.
Name the five prominent deities of Rajasthan.
Where was Meera Bai born?
Mira Bai was born in Meratiya Rathore dynasty, at Kudki village (Merata).
Write the names of any four famous places for priting on clothes in Rajasthan.
Why Rajasthan is also called ‘Rangila Rajasthan’?
The traditional festivals, fairs and traditions of Rajasthan are attractive and fascinating. That’s why Rajasthan is also called ‘Rangila Rajasthan’.
Short Answer Type Questions
In what forms is Rajasthani language mainly known? Describe.
Rajasthani language is mainly known in two forms
(1) Eastern Rajasthani language There are 4 major dialects of eastern Rajasthani language
(1) Dhuiidhari (Jaipuri),
(2) Western Rajasthani language There are 4 major dialects of Western Rajasthani language
(3) Bagri and
Describe Rajasthani Costu¬mes.
(1) Rajasthani costumes are known for their bright colours.
(2) Traditional Rajasthani attires are quite beautiful and attractive.
(3) Women wear Ghagra, Choli and colourful Odhni with Gota work on it.
(4) Traditional dress of men is Dhoti- Kurta and Kurta-Payjama.
(5) Rajasthani turban, which is the symbol of self respect and dignity, is .very attractive.
(6) At present, the impact of western outfits is increasing yet multicolored costumes of Rajasthan are impressive.
What do you know about the festival of Gangur ?
GangaurGangaur is the colourful festival of Rajasthan. It begins on the thrid day of Shukla Paksh in the month of Chaitra. ‘Gan’ and ‘Gaur’ denote Shiv and Parvati respectively. God Shiv along with Parvati is worshipped on Gangaur. At some places three days’ festival is celebrated and at other places four days’ festival is celebrated on the occasion of Gangaur in Rajasthan. Gangaur ride is also taken out at many places. This festival is celebrated with great splendour in all the districts of Rajasthan.
When is the festival of Sheetla Ashtami celebrated ? Describe.
Sheetla AshtamiSheetla Ashtami is celebrated on the eighth day of Holi in the Shukla Paksh. in the month of Chaitra. On this day food cooked before a day is eaten. Fairs are organised at Shil ki Dungri at Chaksu in Jaipur and Sheetla Mata temple at Vallabhnagar town in Udaipur. Almost in every city, village and town Sheetla Mata is worshipped.
Name the major fairs of Rajasthan.
Major fairs of Rajasthan
(1) Pushkar Fair (Ajmer),
(2) Kaila Devi Fair (Sawai Madhopur),
(3) Mahaveerji Fair (Sawai Madhopur),
(4) Dussehra Fair (Kota),
(5) Hariyali Amavasya Fair (Udaipur),
(6) Urs of Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti (Ajmer),
(7) Beneshwar Fair (Dungarpur)j
(8) Kami Mata Fair (Bikaner),
(9) Khatu Shyam ji Fair (Sikar),
(10) Fair of Baba Ramdev (Jaisalmer),
(11) Galiakot Urs (Dungarpur),
(12) Jeena Mata Fair (Sikar),
(13) Bharatrihari Fair (Alwar),
(14) Diggi Kalyanji Fair (tonk),
(15) Tejaji Fair (Parbatsar, Nagaur),
(16) Gogaji Fair (Banner) etc.
Briefly describe the fairs of Kaila Devi and Mahaveerji.
(1) Kaila Devi FairOn the eighth day of the Shukl Paksh in the month of Chaitra, a grand fair is held at Kalia Mata temple in Sawai Madhopur. It is also known as Lakhkhi fair. This fair is held from twelfth day of the Krishna-Paksh (waning moon) to the twelfth day of the Shukl Paksh (waxing moon) in the month of Chaitra. Devotees come to this fair from far off places.
(2) Mahaveerji FairShree Maha¬veerji temple is located in Sawai Madhopur where a fair is organised from the eleventh day of shukla-Paksh of Chaitra to the second day of Krishn-Paksh ofVaishakh. There is a grand red coloured sculpture of 24th Jain Tirthankar Mahaveer Swami. People from all over the country participate in this fair.
Where is the Urs of Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti celebrated ? Explain its main points.
Urs of Khwaja Moinuddin ChishtiKhwaja Moinuddin Chishti came to India from Iran. He is also known as Garib Nawaz. His shrine in Ajmer is a center of devotion of the people of the entire country. Urs of Khawaja Sahab is celebrated in Ajmer from the first to the sixth day of Rajab month of Islamic calendar. This fair is a unique example of communal harmony.
Write a short comment on the following fairs.
(1) Fair of Baba Ramdev (2) Galia-kot Urs.
(1) Fair of Baba RamdevThis fair is held at Runicha of Pokran town in Jaisalmer from the second to the eleventh day of Shukla-Paksh in the month of Bhadrapada. Baba Ramdev is a renowned folk deity of Rajasthan, whom people faith of all religions.
(2) Galiakot UrsTomb (Majar) of Fakhurddin Maula is located at Galiakot town of Sagwara Tehsil in Dungarpur district. It is also known as Majar-e- Fakhari. It is a center of devotion for the people of Daudi Bohra community. People of all sects participate in this Urs in large numbers.
Name the major folk deities and saints of Rajasthan.
Major Folk Deities of Rajasthan
(7) Malli Nath,
(9) Harbhunji etc.
Major Saints of Rajasthan
(l) Meera Bai,
(2) Dadu Dayal,
(4) Jasnath ji,
(5) Shraddha- nathji etc.
What do you know about saint Jambhoji and Saint Jasnath ji? Write in brief.
(1) Saint JambhojiJambhoji Maharaj was the founder of Vishnoi sect. He was bom at Pipasar (Nagaur) village on the eighth day of Krishn Paksh in the month of Bhadrapada in Vikram Samvat 1508. Following the teachings of Jhambhoji, Vishnoi sect is continously striving to protect the environment and opposing killing any living being, which is exemplary.
(2) Saint JasnathjiJasnathji was born in Katariyasar (Bikaner). He was influenced by Gorakhnath. He practised austerities and became ascetic.
What is Terracotta ? Briefly describe this art.
TerracottaMaking and baking of earthen sculptures and various decorative and useful things is known as Terracotta. Molela near Nathdwara is famous for this work. Terracotta artifacts are also made in Alwar and Banner. Apart from this, black pottery, golden pottery etc. are also famous. By this, designer cup- plates, other utensils and toys and decorative items like vases etc. are made.
What is blue pottery ? Tell us about this art.
Blue PotteryBlue pottery is distinguished by the blue dye used to colour white pottery made with China clay. Apart from it black pottery and golden pottery is also famous. Cups, saucers, other utensils, toys and decorative articles are also made using blue pottery.
Briefly describe the following arts.
(1) Lakh Work,
(1) Lakh WorkJaipur and Jodhpur are famous for ornaments made of Lakh. Lakh (sealing wax) is melted and mixed well with chalk, clay and Biroja. Many things are made out of it. Mirrors and pearls are used for embellishment. Jaipur and Jodhpur are famous for ornaments made of Lakh.
(2) OrnamentsJaipur, Jodhpur, Bikaner and Udaipur are famous for studded ornaments. Precious stones are carved in Jaipur. Carving of gold on glass is known as Theva art, for which Pratapgarh is famous. Ornaments of brass and silver are famous among tribes of Pratapgarh.
Long Answer Type Questions
Rajasthan is culturally diverse. Explain.
Cultural diversity of Rajasthan‘Rajasthan is culturally diverse’. It is explained from following points
(1) People belonging to different religions and sects live in Rajasthan, like Hindus, Muslims, Jains, Buddhists, Sikhs, Christians etc.
(2) A large number of tribes like Bheel, Meena, Sahariya, Garasiya and Damor live in Rajasthan.
(3) Diversity in language, costume, lifestyle and diet can be seen in the state.
(4) Rajasthani is the mother tongue of Rajasthan. Various languages are spoken in the different regions of Rajasthan. Primarily Rajasthani language is classified into two forms
1. Eastern Rajasthani Language
2. Western Rajasthani Language.
(5) All the festivals are celebrated with joy and zeal in Rajasthan, like Holi, Deepavali, Raksha Bandhan, Eid, Mahaveer Jayanti, Guru Nanak Jayanti, Christmas etc. Fairs and festivals like Gangaur, Teej, Sheetla Ashtami, Akshay Tritiya; folk dances like Gavri, Ger and Rammat; and folk songs display our traditions.
Describe the traditional means of recreation in Rajasthan.
Traditional means of recreation in Rajasthan Recreation is the part of our life. In the various regions of Rajasthan recreational activities are sought through local and easily available traditional meAnswer: In rural areas, children play Gilli-Danda, Sitoliya, hide and seek, Ghoda-Dadi, Maardadi, spinning of top, marbles etc. Chopad and Chausar are played on the board made of cloth. Char-bhar and Nar-chhari are drawn and played on ground. Snake charmers, Kaalbeliyas, jugglers, magicians, kite flying and puppets are there for the entertainment of people. Khyal, Hela, Gavari, Tamsha, Turra Kalgi, Raasdhari, Ramleela, Dangal, Swang, Nautanki and Bhawai are forms of folk theatrical style. Along with these traditional games, modern games and means of entertainment also exist.
What do you know about the festival of Teej ?
Festival of TeejIt is celebrated in the month of Shravan. Teej holds a significant place among fairs and festivals of Rajasthan. It is none less than festival when dark clouds appear in arid Rajasthan. On the third day of the Shukl Paksh in the month of Shravan newlywed women swing on the swings fixed on the branches of trees. Kajli Teej and Satudi Teej are celebrated on the third day of the Krishn Paksh in the month of Bhadrapada. On this occasion women apply henna, worship Goddess Parvati and pray for the longevity of their husbands. This festival is a unique example of closeness between nature and man.
Briefly describe the following fairs
(1) Pushkar Fair,
(2) Kota Dussehra Fair,
(3) Hariyali Amavasya Fair.
(1) Pushkar FairOn the full moon day of Kartik, a magnificent fair is organized at Pushkar in Ajmer. A. grand market is held on this occasion and many foreign toursits visit this fair. Many competitions are held here in which people participate with zeal. Famous Brahmaji Temple and lake are prime centers of attraction. Deepdan is held in Pushkar lake in the evening.
(2) Kota Dussehra FairProofs, of various Royal rides, darikhana (conference hall) and worship on Dussehra festival are found during the regin of Kota Maharao Durjanshaal Singh (1729-1756). Dussehra festival was given the grand form during the reign of Maharao Ummed Singh II (1889-1940). This festival is famous for its grandeur and immensity.
(3) Hariyali Amavasya FairThis fair w£is started by MaharEma Fateh Singh in 1899 in Udaipur. Every year a grand fair is organised on Hariyali Amavasya. In Hindu tradition people celebrate it as the culmination of a rainy season. Celebrated on the no moon day (Amavasya) of ShravEm month, this fair multiplies the joy smd happiness of rsuny season.
What do you know about Beneshwar Fair, Karni Mata Fair and Khatu Shyam Ji Fair ? Describe.
(1) Beneshwar Fair: It is the largest fair of tribal community of Rajasthan. This fair is held on the confluence of Mahi, Som smd Jsikham rivers on the full moon day of the month of Magh. People also immerse ashes of their heavenly family members here.
(2) Kami Mata Fair: This fair is organised at Kami Mata temple at Deshnok in Bikaner. Karni Mata is the presiding Goddess of the rulers of Bikaner. The specialty of this temple is that many black and white rats move here freely in large numbers.
(3) Khatu Shyam Ji: FairKhatu Shyam Ji temple in Sikar is a famous place where a fair is held from the tenth to the twelfth day of Shukl Paksh in the month of Falgun.
Briefly describe the four major folk deities of Rajasthan.
There have been any folk deities in Rajasthan. Four major folk deities are as follows
(1) GogajiMajor five detieis (Panchpir) of Rajasthan are Ramdevji, Pabuji, Mehaji, Hadbuji and Gogaji. Gogaji was influenced by Chahuan ruler and Gorakhnant. Goga Navami is celebrated on the ninth day of the Kirjn-Paksh in Bhadrapada. On this day Gogaji is worshipped. A fair is held at Gogamedi (Hanumangarh) which lasts for a month.
(2) TejajiTejaji sacrificed himself for the protection of cows. A grand cattle fair is organised in the memory of Tejaji at Parbatsar on the tenth of the Shukl-Paksh in the month of Bhadrapada. Legend and songs of Tejaji Eire very famous.
(3) PabujiPabuji Rathore is worshipped as ‘Deity of Camels’. Famous place of worship of Pabuji is Pabu Mand. The biography of Pabuji is depicted on Phad.
(4) RamdevjiRamdevji was the most prominent incarnate person. He encouraged communal harmony. Muslim community knows him as ‘R£im-Sa-pir’. A grand fair is held in the month of Bhadrapada in Ramdevra.
What do you know about Meera Bai and Dadu Dayal ? Describe.
(1) Meera BaiMeera Bai was born in Meratiya Rathore dynasty, at Kudki village (Merata). Devout Meera Bai got married to the prince Maharao Bhojraj of Sisodia dynasty of Mewar. Since childhood Meera indulged herself in devotion towards Krishna. Meera Bai was widowed after sometime of her marriage. She detached herself from the world and devoted herslelf towards lord Krishna. The characteristic of Meera is simple and instinctive devotion and it is clearly visible in Padas written by her.
(2) Dadu DayalScholars are not unanimous about the birthplace of Dadu Dayal. He met Akbar at Fatehpur Sikri in 1585 AD and then came to Rajasthan and spread devotion towards God. He left for his heavenly abode in Naraina in 1603 AD.
Briefly describe the woodwork and sculpture of Rajasthan.
(1) Woodcraft: Woodcraft is a famous form of handicrafts in Rajasthan. In this art various artifacts are made out of wood. Bassi (Chittorgarh)is its main center. Bewan, Kawar and printing blocks are made here. Udaipur is famous for wooden toys and puppets. Jethana (Dungarpur) is known for wooden sculptures and Shekhwati and Bikaner are known for furniture.
(2) Sculpture: Rajasthan is famous for marble. Different types of stones are found at various places. For this reason sculptures and stones are carved here.
Describe the characteristics of ‘printing on fabric’, ‘embroidery and gota work’ in Rajasthan.
I. Printing on fabricFollowing are the characteristics of printing on fabric
(1) Various kinds of printing is done on fabric in Rajasthan.
(2) Bagru, Sanganer, Akola, Banner, Kaladera, Pali and Bassi are specially known for these works.
(3) A solution is prepared with cow dung, sesame oil, goat dung and soda. Clothes are soaked in it all night and then dried. After drying clothes are again soaked in liquid made of Harad. Then printing is done with wooden blocks.
(4) Earlier, limited and natural colours were used for printing. Now synthetic colours are also used.
II. Embroidery and gota work Embroidery is done on fabric at many places in Rajasthan. Its main characteristics are
(1) Primarily motifs of animals are embroidered.
(2) Fabric is cut in different shapes and sewed on Clothes this is called Patch work.
(3) Gota Kinari and Aari Tari work is speciality of Raj sthan.