RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Phrasal Verbs

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English

Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Phrasal Verbs

Phrasal Verb उस शब्द-समूह को कहते हैं जिसमें एक base verb और एक Preposition या Adverb होती है। एक Phrasal Verb का अर्थ अपने root word से भिन्न हो सकता है, जैसे-
The passenger train calls at every station. उपर्युक्त वाक्य में call at का अर्थ ‘ठहरना/रुकना’

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Phrasal Verbs

कभी-कभी एक Phrasal Verb का अर्थ इसकी base verb के अर्थ के समान ही होता है, और preposition या adverbs तो base verb के अर्थ को ही और प्रभावशाली करते हैं, जैसे-
Please, stand up.
उपर्युक्त वाक्य में base verb है ‘stand’ तथा adverb है up जो केवल base verb के अर्थ’खड़ा होना’ को ही प्रभावशाली बना रही है।

कभी-कभी Phrasal Verb की adverbs, base verb के action को पूर्ण करने/समाप्त करने के विचार को प्रदर्शित करती है, जैसे-
Please, eat up your meal now.
उपर्युक्त वाक्य में adverb up’ base verb के action-‘eat’ को समाप्त करने (finish eating) के विचार को जोडती/प्रदर्शित करती है।

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Phrasal Verbs

A List of Some Phrasal Verbs

[नोट – संदर्भानुसार इनके विभिन्न अर्थ होते हैं, किन्तु यहाँ एक-एक अर्थ ही दिया जा रहा है।]

1. See about – प्रबंध करना (make arrangement)
2. See after – देखभाल करना (look after)
3. See into – जाँच करना (examine)
4. See off – विदा करना (go with)
5. See out – तक ख़त्म होना (last)
6. See over – पर्यवेक्षण करना (observe)
7. See through – समाझना (recognise)
8. See to – ध्यान रखना (care)
9. Set about – शुरू करना (begin)
10. Set against – मुकाबले में खड़ा करना (balance)
11. Set aside – के लिए बचाना (save)
12. Set back – पीछे करना (put back)
13. Set beside – से तुलना करना (compare)
14. Set down – रखा देना(lay down)
15. Set forth – घोषित करना (declare)
16. Set in – आरम्भ होना (begin)
17. Set off – प्रस्थान करना (begin a journey)
18. Set on – आक्रमण करना (attack)
19. Set out – कार्य आरम्भ करना (begin)
20. Set to – आरम्भ करना (begin)

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Phrasal Verbs

21. Set up – तैयार करना। (prepare)
22. Take aback – चाँका देना (astonish)
23. Take after – परिवर के बड़े के जैसे दिखाई दिना या व्यवहार करना (look or behave like an older member of the family)
24. Take apart – हारना (defeat)
25. Take away – ले जाना (to carry)
26. Take back – स्वीकर करना (to admit)
27. Take down – पुरजे अलग करना (to separate).
28. Take for – समझन/सेचना (to regard)
29. Take from – घटाना (to subtract)
30. Take in – सम्मिलित करना (to include)
31. Take off – उतरना (put off)
32. Take on – काम मां लगाना (to employ)
33. Take out – के साथ जाना (to go with)
34. Take over – का नियंत्रण करना (to gain control)
35. Take up – में व्यस्त होना (to occupy)
36. Make for – की तरफ चलना (to move towards something)
37. Make into – में बदलना (to change into)
38. Make of – का आर्य जानना (to understand the meaning or character)
39. Make off – भाग जाना (to hurry away)
40. Make out – पूछना की वह सफल था (to ask if somebody was successful)
41. Make over – बदलना (to transform)
42. Make towards – की और चलना आरम्भ करना (to start moving towards something)
43. Make up – सजाना (to make attractive)
44. Point out – इंगित करना (to stretch your finger out towards something)
45. Point to – उल्लेख करना (to mention)
46. Call at – उहरना /रुकना (to stop at a place for a short time)
47. Call away – किसी के किसी कार्य का करने से रोकने को कहना (to ask somebody to stop what they are doing)
48. Call back – पुनः फोन करना (to telephone somebody)
49. Call for – कहीं ले जाने के लिए किसी के लेना (to collect somebody to go somewhere)
50. Call forth – प्रतिक्रिया पैदा करना (to produce a particular reaction)

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Phrasal Verbs

51. Call in – अपने कार्यस्थल पर फोन करना (to telephone where you work)
52. Call off – रद्द करना (to cancel some thing)
53. Call on/upon – बोलने के लिए कहना (to formally invite to speak)
54. Call out – किसी को आने के लिए कहना (to ask somebody to come)
55. Call up – फोन करना (to make a phone call to somebody)
56. Put about – अनेक लोगों को बताना (to tell a lot of people)
57. Put across – वातलाप करना (to communicate)
58. Put aside – उपेक्षा करना (to ignore/forget/disregard)
59. Put at – अनुमान लगाना (to calculate)
60. Put away – भेजन (to send)
61. Put back – यथास्थान रखना (to put to its usual place)
62. Put before/above – अधिक महत्वपूर्ण मानना (to treat as more important)
63. Put behind – भूलने का प्रयास करना (to try to forget)
64. Put by – पैसा बचाना (to save money)
65. Put down – उतारना (to land)
66. Put forward – सुझाना (to suggest)
67. Put in – लगना (to install)
68. Put off – स्थगित करना (to cancel/ postpone)
69. Put on – पहनना (to dress)
70. Put out – बुझाना (to extinguish)
71. Put through – जारी रखना व पूर्ण करना (to continue with and complete)
72. Put to – पैदा करना (to cause)
73. Put towards – पैसे देना (to give money)
74. Put up – एक विशेष स्तर दिखना (to show a particular level)
75. Look after – देखभाल करना (to take care of)
76. Look ahead – विचर करना (to think ahead)
77. Look around – देखना (to turn your head to see)
78. Look at – ध्यान से देखना (to examine closely)
79. Look for – आशा करना (to expect)

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Phrasal Verbs

80. Look forward to – प्रसन्नता से विचर करना (to be thinking with pleasure about something)
81. Look in – संक्षिप्त यात्रा करना (to make a short visit)
82. Look into – जाँचना (to examine)
83. Look on – देखना (to watch)
84. Look out – ध्यान रखना (to watch out)
85. Look up – सुधारना (to improve)
86. Get about – यात्र करना (to travel)
87. Get above (oneself) – अपने विषय में बहुत ऊंचा विचर रखना (to have too high opinion of oneself)
88. Get across – विचर प्रेषण में सफल होना (to succeed in communicating something)
89. Get along – स्थान छोड़ना (to leave a place)
90. Get around – स्थान-स्थान व्यक्ति-व्यक्ति तक (to move from place to place or from person to person)
91. Get at – आलोचना करना (to keep criticising somebody)
92. Get away – स्थान छोड़ना (to succeed in leaving a place)
93. Get away with – चुरना और बच निकलना (to steal and escape with it)
94. Get back – वापिस आना (to return, especially home)
95. Get behind – पर्याप्त प्रगति करने में असफल (to fail to make enough progress)
96. Get by – गुजारा कर पाना (to manage to live)
97. Get down – बच्चों दृश भोजना के उपरान्त मेज छोड़ना (to leave the table after a meal)
98. Get in – एक स्थान पर आना (to arrive at a place)
99. Get in on – भाग लेना (to take part in an activity)
100. Get in with – मित्रवत होना (to become friendly with)

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Phrasal Verbs

101. Get into – वस्त्र पहनना (to put on a piece of clothing)
102. Get off – स्थान छोड़ना (to leave a place)
103. Get on – सफल होना (to be successful in your career)
104. Get off – प्रस्तुत प्रकाशित करना (to produce or publish)
105. Get over – वजित कर लेना (to overcome)
106. Get round – राजी करना (to bring round)
107. Get through – समझन (to understand)
108. Get up – उठना (rise from the bed)
109. Get up to – पहुंचना (to reach)
110. Break away – बच निकलना (to escape)
111. Break down – मशीन वाहन खराब हो जाना (to stop working – machine/vehicle etc.)
112. Break in – सें ध मारना (to enter a building by force)
113. Break into – सें ध मारना (to enter a building by force)
114. Break off – अलग होना (to become separated)
115. Break out – अचानक आरम्भ हो जाना (to start suddenly – war/fighting unpleasant event)
116. Break through – नई व महत्वपूर्ण खोज करना (to make new and important discoveries)
117. Break up – अलग करना (to separate)
118. Break with – तोड़ना (to end a connection with something)

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Phrasal Verbs

Phrasal Verbs from the Textbook

1. Turn down – अस्वीकार कर देना (to reject)
2. Cut down – मार डालना (to kill)
3. Go on – जारी रहना (to continue)
4. Look after – देखभाल करना (to take care of)
5. Look for – तलाशा करना (to search)
6. Cut off – काटकर अलग कर देना (separate)
7. Carry on – जारी रखना (to continue)
8. Get rid of – छुटकारा पाना (to be free from)
9. Get carried away – प्रभावित हो जाना (to be under impression)
10. Build up – बढ़ाना (to increase)
11. Catch up with – बराबरी के स्तर पर पहुंचना (to reach somebody)

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Phrasal Verbs

Exercise – 1

Column A’ has the Phrasal Verbs and column ‘B’ has their meanings. Match each Phrasal Verb with its correct meaning.
कॉलम ‘A’ में Phrasal Verbs हैं तथा कॉलम ‘B’ में उनके अर्थ है। प्रत्यक Phrasal Verb को उसके सही अर्थ से मिलाइए।
RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Phrasal Verbs
Answer:
1. see of → go with
2. see through → recognise
3. see to → arrange
4. see into → examine
5. see over → observe

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Phrasal Verbs

EXERCISE – 2

Find the meanings of the following Phrasal Verbs and use them in your own sentences
Phrasal Verbs को अर्थ पता कीजिए और इन्हें अपने वाक्यों में प्रयोग कीजिए-

  1. look at
  2. look for
  3. look into
  4. look out
  5. look up

Answer:
1. Look at – to read –
I look at the newspaper daily.

2. Look for – to seek –
Are you looking for the class teacher?

3. Look into – to study to find out
something – A committee is looking into the matter.

4. Look out – beware –
Look out of the pick pocketers.

5. Look up – seek information –
Look up a difficult word in a dictionary.

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Phrasal Verbs

Exercise – 3 

Fill in the blanks with correct Phrasal Verb picking out from those given in the brackets at the end of the sentence
वाक्य के अन्त में दिए कोष्ठकों से उपयुक्त Phrasal Verb का चयन कर रिक्त स्थानों की पूर्ति करें

  1. Quarrel doesn’t ……………. a happy (make for/make of)
  2. What do you ……………. Kamal’s letter? (make out of/make into)
  3. She…………..her spare room ………….. an office. (made, into/made, off)
  4. Someone has ………….. with my wallet! (made for/made off)
  5. I could just ……………. her signature. (make off/make out)
  6. We need one more person to …………… our team. (make of/make up)
  7. This train does not ……………. small stations. (call for/call at)
  8. I’ll ……………. you when it’s time to go. (call at/call for)
  9. The football match was ………….. (called off/called out)
  10. He ………… me ……….. in the evening. (called off/called up)
  11. We agreed to ……………. our differences. (put across/put aside)
  12. I ……………. some money for future use. (put forward/put away)
  13. The meeting has been ………….. (put to/put back)
  14. The mad dog was ………… (put off/put down)
  15. …………..you uniform. (Put on/Put in)
  16. Some people only……………. the government. (get around/get at)
  17. He lied but he ……………. with it. (got away/got back)
  18. What time does your train ………….? (get round/get in)
  19. How are you ……………. in your course? (getting on/getting in)
  20. …………. of my room. (Get out/Get over)

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Phrasal Verbs

Answer:

  1. make for
  2. make out of
  3. made, into
  4. made off
  5. make out
  6. make up
  7. call at
  8. call for
  9. called off
  10. called, up
  11. put aside,
  12. put away
  13. put back
  14. put down
  15. Put on
  16. get at
  17. got away
  18. get in
  19. getting on
  20. Get out

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Phrasal Verbs

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