RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Modal Auxiliaries

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English

Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Modal Auxiliaries

Modals का प्रयोग विभिन्न मनोभावों को प्रकट करने के लिए होता है। मुख्य Modals ये हैं
RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Modal Auxiliaries

[नोट – यहाँ आपकी पाठ्यपुस्तक में पूछे गये Modals को ही समझाया जा रहा है।]

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Modal Auxiliaries

‘Could’ का प्रयोग

1. Can का Past Tense-could है। भूतकाल में योग्यता (ability), अयोग्यता (inability), सामर्थ्य (capability) के लिए can के स्थान पर could का प्रयोग किया जाता है, जैसे-

  • I could read without glasses a few years back. (Ability)
  • I could lift 100 kg. weight when I was young. (Capability)
  • She couldn’t learn swimming in childhood. (past inability)

2. वर्तमान काल में Polite Request (विनम्र निवेदन) के लिए भी ‘could’ का प्रयोग किया जाता है-
(i) Could you please help me?
(क्या आप मेरी मदद करेंगे?)

‘Should’ का प्रयोग’

Should’ का अर्थ है -‘चाहिए’। सलाह (Advice), परामर्श (Suggestion), प्रस्ताव (Proposal) तथा नैतिक कर्तव्य (Moral Duty) का भाव प्रकट करने के लिए ‘should’ का प्रयोग किया जाता है। ‘should’ में बाध्यता अथवा अनिवार्यता का भाव नहीं होता है।

  • You should respect your teachers. (Moral Duty)
  • Sita should not go there at night. (Advice)
  • She should get up early in the morning. (Suggestion)

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Modal Auxiliaries

‘Will’ का प्रयोग

I तथा We के साथ will -अवश्य (certainty), धमकी (threat), 377931 (order), arisi (promise), farparu (determination) का भाव देता है।
(i) I will give you a book.
(मैं तुम्हें किताब अवश्य दूंगा। (Promise) का भाव है।)

(ii) We will go to cinema the next week. (certainty)
(भाव यह है कि हम अगले सप्ताह सिनेमा अवश्य जायेंगे।)

(iii) I will be the champion one day: (determination)
(चैम्पियन बनने का निश्चय है।)

‘Would’ का प्रयोग

विनम्र प्रार्थना (polite request), भूतकाल की आदतों, निश्चित योजना (fixed plan) आदि के लिए would का प्रयोग किया जाता है।
(i) Would you .come to take tea tomorrow? (Polite Request)
क्या आप कल चाय पर आयेंगे? (विनम्र निवेदन)

(ii) He would play with toys in his childhood. (Past Habit)
वह अपने बचपन में खिलौनों से खेला करता था।

(iii) She planned to arrive Jaipur. Then she would leave for Mumbai. (Fixed Plan)
उसकी जयपुर आने की योजना थी। फिर वह मुम्बई के लिए रवाना होगी।

‘Must’ का प्रयोग

‘Must’ का अर्थ होता है- ‘अवश्य चाहिए।’ इसमें ‘बाध्यता’ का भाव होता है। ‘must’ का प्रयोग-बाध्यता (Compulsion/obligation), अनिवार्यता (Necessity), कर्त्तव्य (Duty), पक्की धारणा (Certainty), दृढ़ निश्चय (Firm determination), निषेध (Prohibition) आदि का भाव देता है। जैसे-

  1. You must sleep at night. (Compulsion)
  2. She must cook food for her family. (Necessity)
  3. They must respect their parents. (Duty)
  4. You must not drive fast on crowded roads. (Prohibition)
  5. must का प्रयोग strong probability (possibility) बताने के लिए होता है।
    The lights are on so someone must be in the room.
  6. The last bus has gone. She must stay here only.
    (अंतिम बस जा चुकी है। उसे यहीं रुकने की बाध्यता हो गई है।)

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Modal Auxiliaries

Exercise – 1
(Based on English Reader)

Fill in the blanks of these sentences choosing suitable modals from the brackets.
(कोष्ठकों से उपयुक्त modal चुनकर निम्न वाक्यों के रिक्त स्थान भरें।)
(must, will, could, would, should)

  1. What measures …………….. be taken to make our environment clean and safe? (compulsion)
  2. We………….. never throw the garbage carelessly. (suggestion)
  3. He ……………… spend hours together in front of the screen. (past habit)
  4. At last, they ……………… get their true successor. (past ability)
  5. I ……………. certainly follow your advice. (promise)
  6. The forest ……………. be left to grow back. (necessary)
  7. I ……….. look out for a person to succeed me. (advice)
  8. I am sure I …………… purge myself of this bad habit. (determination)
  9. Piyush …………… get school education. (ability)
  10. He ………….. play computer games. (past habit)
  11. They planned to reach Udaipur first. They ……………depart for Jodhpur then. (fixed plan)
  12. She ………..win. She was ill. (past inability)

Answer:

  1. must
  2. should
  3. would
  4. could
  5. will
  6. must
  7. should
  8. will
  9. could
  10. would
  11. would
  12. couldn’t

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Modal Auxiliaries

Exercise – 2
(Based on English Reader)

Fill in the blanks of these sentences choosing suitable modals from the brackets
(कोष्ठकों से उपयुक्त modal चुनकर निम्न वाक्यों के रिक्त स्थान भरें।)
(must, will, could, would, should)

  1. The sky is black with nimbus. It …………. rain any moment. (strong possibility)
  2. We ………….. love our country. (moral duty)
  3. I…………… beat you if you disturb. me. (threat)
  4. He…………. defeat anyone when he was young. (capability)
  5. ………….. you like to have dinner with me tomorrow? (polite request)
  6. Political leaders ……………. serve the people of their constituency. (duty)
  7. We …………… keep this treat a contributory one. (proposal)
  8. She ………….. write poems in her childhood. (past habit)
  9. ………….you please pay your friend’s fee this month? (polite request)
  10. Surely, I…………… make it successful. (certainty)
  11. We are trying hard. We ………. reach the goal. (determination)
  12. He has no saving. He …………. borrow loan. (obligation)

Answer:

  1. must
  2. should
  3. will
  4. could
  5. Would
  6. inust
  7. should
  8. would
  9. Could
  10. will
  11. will
  12. must

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Modal Auxiliaries

Exercise – 3

Choose the correct option
सही विकल्प का चयन करें

Question 1.
We. ……………. follow traffic rules.
(a) shall
(b) could
(c) may
(d) must
Answer:
(d) must

Question 2.
I …………… revise her course, it is her determination.
(a) would
(b) must
(c) shall
(d) will
Answer:
(d) will

Question 3.
……………. you please help me?
(a) May
(b) Must
(c) Shall
(d) Could
Answer:
(d) Could

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Modal Auxiliaries

Question 4.
…………… you like to take initiative?
(a) Shall
(b) Must
(c) Could
(d) Would
Answer:
(d) Would

Question 5.
Students ……………… be disciplined.. They are advised so.
(a) will
(b) shall
(c) must
(d) should
Answer:
(d) should

Question 6.
Drivers …………… stop the vehicle when the light is red.
(a) will
(b) could
(c) would
(d) must
Answer:
(d) must

Question 7.
I ……………… beat you if you tease me.
(a) would
(b) could
(c) must
(d) will
Answer:
(d) will

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Modal Auxiliaries

Question 8.
She …………… help you if you requested.
(a) shall
(b) must
(c) could
(d) will
Answer:
(c) could

Question 9.
They …………. talk in English when they were in school.
(a) could
(b) will
(c) shall
(d) must
Answer:
(a) could

Question 10.
We ……………. sleep early and wake up early too, daily. It is usually advised.
(a) he could
(b) should
(c) must
(d) would
Answer:
(b) should

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Modal Auxiliaries

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