RBSE Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 7 Human Life in Different Surroundings-2

Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 7 Social Science Chapter 7 Human Life in Different Surroundings-2

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 Social Science

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 7 Human Life in Different Surroundings-2

RBSE Class 7 Social Science Human Life in Different Surroundings-2 Intext Questions and Answers

Page 59.

Question 1.
Why plains are the most favourable region for human habitats? List the reason and discuss.
Answer:
Plains are the most favourable regions for human habitates as—

  • Plains are flat.
  • It receives good rainfall.
  • Underground water is found at lesser depth.
  • Geographical conditions are favourable for agriculture as soil is very fertile here and agriculture is done the whole year.
  • Besides agriculture, animal rearing is done easily.
  • Plains are good for development of industry. –
  • Because of uniformity and flatness, development of means of transportation and communication can be easily done. Hence population is very dense because of agricultural development and industria-lization.

Question 2.
Locate coastal plains on the physical map of India.
Answer:
RBSE Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 7 Human Life in Different Surroundings-2-1

Question 1.
Choose the correct answer:

1. The word ‘Khadar’ is related to –
(a) Plains
(b) Mountain
(c) Plateau
(d) River
Answer:
(a) Plains

2. Which is among the following not a part of western coastal plain?
(a) Coromandal
(b) Konkan
(c) Kannad coast
(d) Malabar coast
Answer:
(a) Coromandal

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 7 Human Life in Different Surroundings-2

Question 2.
Fill in the blanks:

  1. Vienababed is a famous ………………
  2. ……………… trees are popular is Malabar coast.
  3. ……………… soil is found in the Ganga-Yamuna plain.
  4. The plains formed by river are called ………………

Answer:

  1. lagoon
  2. coconut
  3. laterite
  4. Bangur

Question 3.
Which is the main occupation of people in coastal plains.
Answer:
People living at sea coastal plains have the following main occupations –

  • Almost half of the population of coastal plains is engaged in agriculture.
  • Pishing is also main occupation because of closeness of sea.
  • The main crops are coconut, cashewnut, and supari.
  • The mountaineous regions near western ghat are grown with tea, coffee and rubber.
  • Besides it, some people are engaged in tourism, industry, transportation etc.

Question 4.
Why agriculture is more practised in plains? Write the names of main crops of the region.
Answer:
The geographical conditions are favourable for agriculture. The maximum population depends on agriculture due to fertile lands. Hie land is so fertile that any crop can be grown. Means if agriculture are easily available here. Underground water is not found at depth. Animal rearing and transportation facilities are some of the reasons which encourage agriculture work. Three crops are grown in a year. Rice, maize, barley, sugarcane are mainly grown in rainy season while wheat, mustard and barseem in summers. There are orchards of mango, guava and lichi.

Question 5.
What is the difference between Khadar and Bangar?
Answer:
The land formed by deposition of soil by river is called Bangar and the land of new jalod soil are called Khadar.

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 7 Human Life in Different Surroundings-2

Question 6.
Write the nick name of eastern and western coastal plains.
Answer:
Western coastal plain –

  • Kathiyawad coast
  • Konkan coast
  • Kannad coast
  • Malabar coast.

Eastern coastal plain –

  • Northern dear coast
  • colomandal coast.

Question 7.
Explain the main geographical conditions of coastal plains.
Answer:
Geographical conditions of coastal plain – The climate is very wet and moderate due to nearness to sea. Temp, ranges from 25° to 30°. Annual average
RBSE Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 7 Human Life in Different Surroundings-2-2

Question 1.
Choose the correct answer:

1. The word ‘Kliadar’ is related to –
(a) Plains
(b) Mountain
(c) Plateau
(d) River
Answer:
(a) Plains

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 7 Human Life in Different Surroundings-2

Question 2.
Which is among the following not a part of western coastal plain?
(a) Coromandal
(b) Konkan
(c) Kannad coast
(d) Malabar coast
Answer:
(a) Coromandal

Question 2.
Fill in the blanks:

  1. Vienababed is a famous ………………..
  2. ……………….. trees are popular is Malabar coast.
  3. ……………….. soil is found in the Ganga-Yamuna plain.
  4. The plains formed by river are called ………………..

Answer:

  1. lagoon
  2. coconut
  3. laterite
  4. Bangur.

Question 3.
Which is the main occupation of people in coastal plains.
Answer:
People living at sea coastal plains have the following main occupations –

  • Almost half of the population of coastal plains is engaged in agriculture.
  • Pishing is also main occupation because of closeness of sea.
  • The main crops are coconut, cashewnut, and supari.
  • The mountaineous regions near western ghat are grown with tea, coffee and rubber.
  • Besides it, some people are engaged in tourism, industry, transportation etc.

Question 4.
Why agriculture is more practised in plains? Write the names of main crops of the region.
Answer:
The geographical conditions are favourable for agriculture. The maximum population depends on agriculture due to fertile lands. The land is so fertile that any crop can be grown. Means if agriculture are easily available here. Underground water is not found at depth.

Animal rearing and transportation facilities are some of the reasons which encourage agriculture work. Three crops are grown in a year. Rice, maize, barley, sugarcane are mainly grown in rainy season while wheat, mustard and barseem in summers. There are orchards of mango, guava and belli.

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 7 Human Life in Different Surroundings-2

Question 5.
What is the difference between Khadar and Hangar?
Answer:
The land formed by deposition of soil by river is called Bangar and the land of new jalod soil are called Khadar.

Question 6.
Write the nick name of eastern and western coastal plains.
Answer:
Western coastal plain –

  • Kathiyawad coast
  • Konkan coast
  • Kannad coast
  • Malabar coast.

Eastern coastal plain –

  • Northern dear coast
  • colomandal coast.

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 7 Human Life in Different Surroundings-2

Question 7.
Explain the main geographical conditions of coastal plains.
Answer:
Geographical conditions of coastal plain—The climate is very wet and moderate due to nearness to sea. Temp, ranges from 25° to 30°. Annual average temp, is moderate here.
Rainfall here continues up to Nov. The average rainfall is approx. 250 cm.-400 cm.

Question 8.
Which industries are developed in Ganga-Yamuna plain?
Answer:
In the plain of Ganga-Yamuna, development of many types of industry from small, medium and large scale have taken place. Cloth, sugar, engineering, glass, carpet, leather items, plastic, sports and chemical industries are well developed in this region.

RBSE Class 7 Social Science Human Life in Different Surroundings-2 Important Questions and Answers

Objective Type Questions:

Question 1.
Main industrial city of Malabar coast is –
(a) Kozhikode
(b) Kanpur
(c) Agra
(d) Meerut
Answer:
(a) Kozhikode

Question 2.
Main industrial city of Ganga-Yamuna plain is –
(a) Kochi
(b) Kanpur
(c) Tiruvanantpuram
(d) Kozhikode
Answer:
(b) Kanpur

Question 3.
Marshy region of Ganga-Yamuna plain is called –
(a) Bhabar region
(b) Tarai region
(c) Bangar region
(d) Kliadar region
Answer:
(b) Tarai region

Question 4.
In manufacturing of plywood is used –
(a) sugarcane
(b) licchi tree
(c) mango tree
(d) poplar tree
Answer:
(d) poplar tree

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 7 Human Life in Different Surroundings-2

Question 5.
Main commercial crop of Ganga-Yamuna plain is –
(a) sugarcane
(b) wheat
(c) maize
(d) rice
Answer:
(a) sugarcane

Fill in the banks:

  1. Plain of ………………….. in India is most fertile. (Ganga-Yamuna/sea coastal)
  2. The region of lower Himalayas where small pebbles are found is called ………………….. (Bhabar/Bangar)
  3. The Malabar coast lie as a narrow strip between ………………….. Kanya Kumari. (Goa/Pune)
  4. ………………….. main industrial city of Malabar coast. (Tiruvanantpuram/Kanpur)
  5. ………………….. is a famour lagoon. (Veinababad/Nilgiri)

Answer:

  1. Ganga-Yamuna
  2. Bhabar
  3. Goa
  4. Tiruvanantpuram
  5. Veinababad.

Select True/False statement out of the followings:

  1. Ganga-Yamuna plain is formed by jalod fertile soil brought by the rivers.
  2. The land formed by deposition of soil by river is called Bangar land.
  3. The Malabar coast lie as a narrow strip between Goa and Kanya Kumari which is approx. 70-90 km wide.
  4. Veinababad is a famous lagoon.
  5. People living in Malabar coastal region speak Sanskrit and Hindi.

Answer:

  1. True
  2. True
  3. Time
  4. True
  5. False.

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 7 Human Life in Different Surroundings-2

Very Short Question Answer:

Question 1.
What type of soil is found on the plain of Ganga-Yamuna?
Answer:
Jalod soil.

Question 2.
What is chief crop of Ganga-Yamuna plains?
Answer:
Sugarcane.

Question 3.
For what sugarcane is used to mala?
Answer:
Sugar and gur (jaggery).

Question 4.
What is the chief occupation of Ganga-Yamuna plains?
Answer:
Because of fertile soil of Ganga- Yamuna, the main occupation of people is agriculture. Besides agriculture, people are engaged in animal rearing.

Question 5.
Write the names of main industrial regions of Ganga-Yamuna plain.
Answer:
The main industrial regions of Ganga- Yamuna are Kanpur, Agra, Aligarh, Meerut, Ferozabad, Saharanpur, Rampur and Hat liras.

Question 6.
What type of vegetation is found on Malabar coastal plain?
Answer:
Dense evergreen forests are found such as coconut, sagwan, sincona, sal, rubber, rosewood.

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 7 Human Life in Different Surroundings-2

Question 7.
Give name of main ports of Malabar coast.
Answer:
Main ports of Malabar coast are:

  • Kozhikode
  • Kochi
  • Allepi and
  • Tiruvanantpuram.

Question 8.
What is web of transport?
Answer:
The web of transport path is formed due to plain and flat land.

Short Question Answer:

Question 1.
What are types of landscape forms? State clearly.
Answer:
Land forms are of two types –

  1. Natural landscape
  2. Human landscape.

1. Natural landscape –
Landscape includes snow-capped, mountain peak, desert, plain, valleys etc.

2. Human landscape –
Human landscapes are village, city, field, wells, industries, religious places, factories etc.

Question 2.
In how many parts is Ganga- Yamuna plain divided?
Answer:
Ganga-Yamuna plain is divided into four parts –

  • Bhabar Region – The region of lower Himalayas, where small pebbles are found is called Bhabar.
  • Bangar Region – The land formed by deposition of soil by river is called Bangar.
  • Tarai Region – Tarai region is found near Bhabar regions which are marshy land.
  • Khadar region – The lands of new jalod soils are called Khadar region.

Question 3.
Which kind of crops are cultivated in Malabar coastal plain?
Answer:
In the plains of Malabar coconut, cashewnut, supari etc. are grown while the mountainous regions near western ghat are grown with tea, coffee and rubber.

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 7 Human Life in Different Surroundings-2

Question 4.
Which are the industrial cities near Malabar region and what types of industries are there?
Answer:
Main industrial cities of Malabar coastal region are Thiruvananthapuram, Alwai, Kojikod (Kozhikode). The factories of cotton clothes, coconut oil, soap, parts of bicycle, glass and chemicals are found.

Question 5.
Which vegetations are found on Ganga-Yamuna plain?
Answer:
Poplar, sal, semal, sheesham, babul, haldu and many other are popular vegetations. Poplar is used in plywoods.

Essay Type Questions:

Question 1.
Describe human and economic activities of Ganga-Yamuna plain.
Answer:
Human and Economic Activities –
Main human and economic activities on Ganga-Yamuna plains –

  • Agriculture – Geographical conditions here are favourable for agriculture. The maximum population depends on agriculture due to fertile lands. Agriculture is done whole year and farmers take there crops in a year.
  • Rice, maize, barely, sugarcane are mainly grown in rainy season while wheat, mustard and barseem in summers.
  • Chief commercial crop – Sugarcane is commercial crop here. It is grown for sugar and jagger factories.
  • Poplar – Poplar is grown on the boundary of field for defence, which are better source of earning of people.
  • Garden – Here are gardens of mango, licchi and guava.
  • Animal Rearing – Alongwith agri-culture, people are engaged in animal rearing, which provides milk, ghee. Farmers sell them in dairy.

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