RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 15 The Glory of Ancient Science

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English

Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 7 English Chapter 15 The Glory of Ancient Science

RBSE Class 7 The Glory of Ancient Science Text Book Questions and Answers

Activity – I

Choose the correct alternative
सही विकल्प चुनिए –

Question 1.
Scientific research in ancient India was at its peak for a period of about –
a. 400 years
b. 1100 years
c. 700 years.
d. 100 years
Answer:
b. 1100 years

Question 2.
Under the Mauryas, Shakas and Guptas empires scientific research flourished because of –
a. There was no shortage of money to stop it.
b. There were famous universities at Nalanda, Varanasi, and Taxila.
c. There was much exchange of scholars with neighboring countries.
d. For all the three reasons put together.
Answer:
d. For all the three reasons put together.

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 15 The Glory of Ancient Science

2. Say whether the following statements are True or False.
बताइए कि निम्न कथन सत्य हैं या असत्य हैं।

  1. It was believed that heritage is an import from Europe.
  2. Indus valley civilization consisted of excellent water supply and drainage system.
  3. The universities at Taxila was founded by Bhaskar.
  4. Sushruta discovered the concept of zero.
  5. Aryabhatta studied at the University of Nalanda.

Answer:

  1. False
  2. True
  3. False
  4. False
  5. True

3. Answer the given questions in short (10-20 words) each –
निम्न प्रश्नों के उत्तर संक्षिप्त (10-20 शब्दों) में दीजिए

Question 1.
Mention the fields in which remarkable progress was made up to the 7th century AD.
उन क्षेत्रों के नाम लीजिए जिनमें 7वीं शताब्दी तक उल्लेखनीय प्रगति हुई।
Answer:
Remarkable progress was made in the fields of mathematics, astronomy, and medical science up to the 7th century A.D.
गणित, खगोल विज्ञान तथा चिकित्सा विज्ञान के क्षेत्र में 7वीं शताब्दी तक उल्लेखनीय प्रगति हुई।

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 15 The Glory of Ancient Science

Question 2.
What according to Charak was the total number of bones in the human body?
चरक के अनुसार मानव शरीर में कुल कितनी हड्डियाँ थी?
Answer:
According to Charak total number of bones in the human body was 360.
चरक के अनुसार मानव शरीर में हड्डियों की कुल संख्या 360 थी।

Question 3.
Who is known as the father of anesthesia?
निश्चेतनता का पिता कौन है?
Answer:
Sushruta is known as the father of anesthesia.
सुश्रुत को निश्चेतनता का पिता माना जाता है।

Question 4.
How can we say that India is on its way to gain scientific glory again?
हम यह कैसे कह सकते हैं कि भारत वैज्ञानिक गौरव पुनः प्राप्त करने के मार्ग पर है?
Answer:
We have sent Mars and Moon missions. We launch satellites on our own. We have developed unmanned helicopters and so on.
हमने मंगल व चन्द्र पर रॉकेट भेजे हैं। हम अपने दम पर उपग्रह प्रक्षेपित करते हैं। हमने मानव रहित हेलिकॉप्टर विकसित किया है, आदि।

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 15 The Glory of Ancient Science

Question 5.
What advice did Sushruta give for practising surgery?
सुश्रुत ने शल्य क्रिया के अभ्यास के लिए क्या सलाह दी?
Answer:
Sushruta advised his pupils to use dead bodies for practice before surgery.
सुश्रुत ने अपने शिष्यों को मृत शरीरों को अभ्यास के लिए शल्य क्रिया से पूर्व इस्तमाल करने की सलाह दी।

Activity – II
1. Match words in column A with the meanings in column B
कॉलम A के शब्दों को कॉलम B में दिये उनके अर्थों से मिलाइए –
RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 15 The Glory of Ancient Science
Answer:
RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 15 The Glory of Ancient Science

2. Fill in the blanks choosing the word from the box
बॉक्स से शब्द चुनकर रिक्त स्थान भरें –

heritage, significant, civilization, physician, nuclear

  1. The culture and traditions are an inseparable part of …………
  2. There is a big ………….. power plant in Rawatbhata.
  3. Mr. Sharma called a ………. urgently when his mother had a heart attack.
  4. Rajasthan is known for its ………, forts, and hospitality all over the world.
  5. Mobile phones play a ………… role in the everyday life of a common man.

Answer:

  1. civilization
  2. nuclear
  3. physician
  4. heritage
  5. significant

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 15 The Glory of Ancient Science

Activity – III

1. Change the following sentences into passive voice –
निम्न वाक्यों को Passive Voice में बदलें –

  1. The cook has prepared many dishes.
  2. People speak Hindi in Raj Nathan.
  3. We should always help old people.
  4. Newton discovered the law of gravitation.
  5. We do not sell imported goods.

Answer:

  1. Many dishes have been prepared.
  2. Hindi is spoken in Rajasthan.
  3. Old people should always be helped.
  4. The law of gravitation was discovered by Newton.
  5. Imported goods are not sold (by us).

2. Fill in the blanks choosing the correct alternative
सही विकल्प चुनते हुए रिक्त स्थान भरिये –

Question 1.
He ……… by the police once already.
a. is being arrested
b. has been arrested
c. is arrested
d. has arrested
Answer:
b. has been arrested

Question 2.
Most of the cities ………… by an earthquake in 2001.
a. destroyed
b. were destroyed
c. has been destroyed
d. was being destroyed
Answer:
b. were destroyed

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 15 The Glory of Ancient Science

Question 3.
The baby …….. by our mother tonight.
a. are being looked after
b. looked after
c. is being looked after
d. was being looked after
Answer:
c. is being looked after

Question 4.
All the envelopes …………. by the new clerk.
a. had addressed
b. is being addressed
c. was being addressed
d. were addressed
Answer:
d. were addressed

Question 5.
That desk …….. several times this year.
a. is being repaired
b. has been repaired ë. had repaired
d. were being repaired
Answer:
b. has been repaired

Activity – IV

1. Complete the table given below choosing the facts from the text.
Answer:
RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 15 The Glory of Ancient Science

RBSE Class 7 The Glory of Ancient Science Comprehension Passages

Passage – 1
Most Indians are aware that they had a great heritage, but few would include science in it. This is mainly because during centuries of foreign rule they have been led to believe that science is an import from Europe. They forget the many significant contributions to science India has made for centuries before the first Europeans came to India.

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 15 The Glory of Ancient Science

There is proof that more than 3000 years before the birth of Christ, people of this country had much scientific knowledge. Relics of the Indus valley civilization found at Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro (now in Pakistan) show that their cities were well planned, with an excellent water supply and drainage systems.

Questions

  1. What have been Indians led to believe?
  2. What do the Indians forget?
  3. About what do Indians have proof?
  4. What does the Indus valley civilization show?
  5. About what is this passage?
  6. Give the Hindi meaning of – ‘science’.
  7. Write the plurals of –
    (i) century (ii) city

Answers:

  1. Indians have been led to believe that science is an import from Europe.
  2. The Indians forget the many significant contributions to science India has made for centuries before the first Europeans came to India.
  3. Indians have proof about the scientific knowledge of the people of India even 3000 years before.
  4. The Indus valley civilization shows that the cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro were well planned, had excellent water supply and drainage system.
  5. This passage is about the glorious past of India. ‘fail’
  6. (i) centuries (ii) cities

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 15 The Glory of Ancient Science

Passage – 2
The progress they had made in agriculture, brick making, craft, and industry was remarkable. Their clothes were made of cotton. For reasons yet unknown, this civilization decayed and was lost. The cities got buried. The golden age of science in India was from the 4th century B.C. to the 7th century A.D.

With wealth and land science advanced under the Maurya, Shaka, Kushan, and Gupta empires. There were famous universities at Nalanda, Varanasi, and Taxila. There was much exchange of scholars with neighboring and distant lands. Great contributions were made in the fields of mathematics, astronomy, and medical science.

Questions 1.

  1. In which fields were the progress remarkable?
  2. For what reasons was this civilization lost?
  3. When was the golden age of science in India?
  4. Mention the famous universities of India. In which field were great contributions made?
  5. Write a similar word of – ‘student’.
  6. Give one word for the following –
    (i) The scientific study of the sun, moon, stars, etc.
    (ii) A state of human society that is very developed and organized

Answers:

  1. The progress in the fields of agriculture, brick making, craft, and industry was remarkable.
  2. This civilization was lost for unknown reasons.
  3. In India, the golden age of science was from the 4th century B.C. to 7th century A.D.
  4. Nalanda, Varanasi, and Taxila were the famous universities of India.
  5. Great contributions were made in the fields of mathematics, astronomy, and medical science. ‘scholar’
  6. (i) astronomy (ii) civilization

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 15 The Glory of Ancient Science

Passage – 3
One of the earliest scientists was Sushruta. He repaired a nose some 26 centuries ago and was the first plastic surgeon. He was an expert in removing urinary stones, treating fractures and eye operations. He even advised his pupils to use dead bodies for practice before surgery. He is known as the father of anesthesia also.

Charak was the first physician who suggested that there were 360 bones in the human body. He has also described medicinal uses of about 10,00,000 herbal plants. Aryabhatta from Kerala studied at the University of Nalanda. He was the first to find out that the earth is round and it rotates on its axis, creating day and night.

Questions

  1. How can you say that Sushruta was the first plastic surgeon?
  2. What did Sushruta advise his pupils?
  3. What is the contribution of Charak in medical science?
  4. What did Aryabhatt find out first in the world about the earth?
  5. In which fields of this passage were: the great contributions made by Indians?
  6. Give a similar word of revolves’. Write one word
  7. (i) a doctor in general medicine
    (ii) a person with special knowledge, skill or training in something

Answers:

  1. He repaired a nose some 26 centuries ago.
  2. Sushruta advised his pupils to use dead bodies for practice before surgery.
  3. He described medicinal uses of about 10,00,000 herbal plants. He said that there were 360 bones in the human body.
  4. Aryabhatt was the first to find out that the earth is round and it rotates on its axis, creating day and night.
  5. Great contributions were made in the fields of medical science and astronomy.
  6. ‘rotates’
  7.  (i) Physician (ii) Expert

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 15 The Glory of Ancient Science

Passage – 4
The concept of zero was discovered around the 5th century by a great mathematician-Bhaskar. He worked on different aspects of mathematics. Indians are proud of their glorious scientific past. With Independence in 1947, a new page was opened in the history of facilities for scientists. Research began in many fields.

India is now a member of the nuclear club, space club, and the Antarctica exploration club. In this modern race, while much remains to be done for India to catch up with advanced countries, much has been done. India is on its way to gain scientific glory again.

Questions

  1. What is the contribution of Bhaskar in mathematics?
  2. What are Indians proud of?
  3. Of which clubs is India a member?
  4. In what way is India again?
  5. When did the research begin in many fields?
  6. Give the Hindi meaning of -‘history’.
  7. Write the opposites of –
    (i) traditional
    (ii) backward

Answers:

  1. Bhaskar discovered the concept of zero around the 5th century. He worked on different aspects of mathematics.
  2. Indians are proud of their glorious past.
  3. India is a member of the nuclear club, space club, and the Antarctica exploration club.
  4. India is again on the way to gain scientific glory.
  5. Research began in many fields after Independence in 1947.
  6. इतिहास
  7. (i) modern (ii) advanced

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 15 The Glory of Ancient Science

कठिन शब्दार्थ एवं हिन्दी अनुवाद

1. Most Indians are ……. cities got buried. (Pages 83 – 84)

कठिन शब्दार्थ:
aware (अवेअर) = जानकारी, सचेत। heritage (हैरिटिज) = विरासत। centuries (सेनचॅरिज) = शताब्दियाँ। foreign (फॉरेन) = विदेश। rule (रूल) = शासन करना। significant (सिगनिफिकॅन्ट) = महत्त्वपूर्ण। contribution (कॉनट्रिब्यूशन) = अंशदान। proof (प्रूफ) = प्रमाण । scientific (साइनटिफिक) = वैज्ञानिक। excellent (एक्सॅलॅन्ट) = उत्कृष्ट। drainage (ड्रेनिज) = जल निकासी। agriculture (ऐग्रिकल्चर) = कृषि। brick (ब्रिक) = ईंटें। craft (क्राफ्ट) = हस्तशिल्प। decayed (डिकेड) = धीरे-धीरे नष्ट हुआ। buried (बेरिड) = दफन। .

हिन्दी अनुवाद:
ज्यादातर भारतीयों को जानकारी है कि उनकी एक महान् विरासत है, पर कुछ ही इसमें विज्ञान का समावेश करेंगे। यह मुख्यतः इसलिए है कि सदियों से विदेशी शासन ने उनको यह भरोसा दिला दिया है कि विज्ञान यूरोप से आयातित है। वे विज्ञान के बहुत से महत्त्वपूर्ण अंशदानों को जो भारत ने सदियों पहले यूरोपिअन्स के पहली बार आने से पूर्व किया है, को भूल जाते हैं।

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 15 The Glory of Ancient Science

इस बात के प्रमाण हैं कि ईसा के जन्म के 3000 से अधिक वर्षों पहले इस देश के लोगों के पास अत्यधिक वैज्ञानिक ज्ञान था। हडप्पा और मोहन-जो-दड़ो (अब पाकिस्तान में) में प्राप्त सिंधु घाटी सभ्यता के अवशेष यह दिखाते हैं कि उनके शहर उत्कृष्ट जलापूर्ति और जल निकासी तंत्र के साथ सुनियोजित थे। उन्नति जो उन्होंने कृषि, ईंटें बनाने, हस्तशिल्प और उद्योग में की, वह उल्लेखनीय है। उनके कपड़े कपास (सूत) के बने थे। अभी तक अज्ञात कारणों से, यह सभ्यता नष्ट हो गयी और लुप्त हो गयी। शहर दफन हो गये।

2. The golden age …….. and medical science. (Page 84)

कठिन शब्दार्थ:
golden age (गोल्डन एज) = स्वर्ण युग। wealth (वेल्थ) = संपत्ति। advanced (एडवांस्ट) = उन्नत हुई। empires (एमपाइअर्स) = साम्राज्यों। exchange (एक्सचेंज) = लेन-देन। neighbouring (नेबॅरिंग) = पड़ोसी। distant (डिस्टॅन्ट) = दूर के। astronomy (एस्ट्रोनॅमि) = खगोल | विज्ञान। medical science (मेडिकल साइअन्स) = चिकित्सा विज्ञान।

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 15 The Glory of Ancient Science

हिन्दी अनुवाद:
भारत में विज्ञान का स्वर्ण युग ईसा पूर्व चौथी शताब्दी से सातवीं ईस्वी तक रहा। मौर्य, शक, कुषाण और गुप्त साम्राज्यों में सम्पत्ति और भूमि के साथ विज्ञान की उन्नति हुई। नालंदा, वाराणसी और तक्षशिला में प्रसिद्ध विश्वविद्यालय थे। पड़ोसी और दूरस्थ देशों से विद्यार्थियों का अत्यधिक आना-जाना होता था।
गणित, खगोल विज्ञान और चिकित्सा विज्ञान के क्षेत्र में महान् योगदान दिए गए।

3. One of the ……… Mrinal Mitra and B.G. Varma. (Pages 84 – 85)

कठिन शब्दार्थ:
plastic surgeon (प्लास्टिक सँर्जन) = प्लास्टिक शल्य चिकित्सक। fractures (फ्रेक्वर्ज) = हड्डियों का कई जगह से टूटना। advised (अडवाइज्ड) = सलाह दी। pupils (प्यूपिल्ज) = शिष्य। dead bodies (डेड बॉडिज) = मृत शरीरों। practice (प्रेक्टिस) = अभ्यास। surgery (सॅजेरि) = शल्य क्रिया। anesthesia (एनिस्थिसिआ) = निश्चेतनता। physician (फिजिशन) = चिकित्सक। described (डिस्क्राइब) = वर्णन करना। medicinal (मेडिसिनल) = औषधीय। herbal plants (हर्बल प्लान्ट्स) = जड़ी-बूटियाँ। earth (अर्थ) = पृथ्वी। rotates (रोटेट्स) = घूमती है।

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 15 The Glory of Ancient Science

axis (एक्सिस) = धुरी। concept (कॉन्सेप्ट) = संकल्पना। discovered (डिस्कवर्ड) = खोजा गया। mathematician (मैथमॅटिशन) = गणितज्ञ। aspects (ऐस्पेक्ट्स ) = पहलुओं। glorious (ग्लोरिअस) = गौरवपूर्ण। scientific (साइंटिफिक) = वैज्ञानिक। past (पास्ट) = अतीत। history (हिस्ट्रि) = अतीत, इतिहास। facilities (फैसिलॅटिज) = सुविधाएँ। scientists (साइंटिस्ट्स) = वैज्ञानिक। research (रिसॅर्च) = शोध। nuclear (न्यूक्लीअर) = नाभिकीय। space (स्पेस) = अंतरिक्ष। exploration (एक्सप्लॅरेशन) = खोज। race (रेस) = दौड़। catch up (कैच अप) = तक पहुँचना। gain (गेन) = प्राप्ति। glory (ग्लोरि) = गौरव।

हिन्दी अनुवाद:
बहुत पहले के वैज्ञानिकों में सुश्रुत एक थे। उन्होंने लगभग 26 सदियों पूर्व एक नाक की मरम्मत की और वह पहले प्लास्टिक शल्य चिकित्सक थे। वह मूत्राशय की पथरी, टूटी हड्डियों के इलाज और आँखों की शल्य क्रिया के विशेषज्ञ थे। यहाँ तक कि उसने अपने शिष्यों को शल्य क्रिया से पूर्व मृत शरीर पर अभ्यास करने की भी सलाह दी। वह निश्चेतनता के पिता भी कहलाते हैं। चरक पहले चिकित्सक थे जिन्होंने बताया कि मानव शरीर में 360 हड्डियाँ होती हैं। उसने लगभग 10,00,000 जड़ी-बूटियों के औषधीय गुणों के बारे में भी बताया। केरल के आर्यभट्ट, नालंदा विश्वविद्यालय में पढ़ते थे। वह पहले व्यक्ति थे जिन्होंने पाया कि पृथ्वी गोल है और दिन-रात बनाते हुए अपनी धुरी पर घूमती है।

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 15 The Glory of Ancient Science

शून्य की संकल्पना एक महान् गणितज्ञ भास्कर द्वारा 5वीं शताब्दी में खोजी गई। उन्होंने गणित के विभिन्न पहलुओं पर काम किया। भारतीयों को अपने गौरवपूर्ण वैज्ञानिक अतीत पर गर्व है। 1947 में स्वतंत्रता के साथ ही एक नया पृष्ठ वैज्ञानिकों के लिए सुविधाओं के इतिहास में खोला गया। कई क्षेत्रों में शोध शुरू हुए। भारत अब नाभिकीय क्लब, अन्तरिक्ष क्लब और एन्टाकर्टिका की खोज क्लब का सदस्य है। इस आधुनिक दौड़ में जबकि विकसित देशों तक पहुँचने के लिए भारत के करने के लिए बहुत कुछ रहता है, बहुत कुछ किया भी जा चुका है। भारत वैज्ञानिक गौरव की पुनः प्राप्ति के लिए अपने मार्ग पर है।

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