RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 11 A Letter from a Friend

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English

Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 7 English Chapter 11 A Letter from a Friend

RBSE Class 7 A Letter from a Friend Text Book Questions and Answers

Activity – I
Complete the following pattern about Hadoti region –
हाड़ौती क्षेत्र के निम्न पैटर्न को पूरा करें –

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 11 A Letter from a Friend
Answer:
RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 11 A Letter from a Friend

2. Answer these questions in 5 – 10 words each
प्रत्येक प्रश्न का 5-10 शब्दों में उत्तर दीजिए –

Question 1.
Which districts does the Hadoti region comprise?
हाड़ौती क्षेत्र में कौन-कौन से जिले आते हैं?
Answer:
Hadoti region comprises the districts of Baran, Bundi, Jhalawar and Kota.
हाड़ौती क्षेत्र में बाराँ, बूंदी, झालावाड़ तथा कोटा जिले सम्मिलित हैं।

Question 2.
Who is writing this letter and to whom?
यह पत्र कौन लिख रही/रहा है व किसको?
Answer:
Malini is writing this letter to Mohini.
मालिनी यह पत्र मोहिनी को लिख रही है।

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 11 A Letter from a Friend

Question 3.
What sacrifice was made by the Hadi Rani?
हाड़ी रानी के द्वारा क्या बलिदान दिया गया था?
Answer:
She cut her head and sent it to her husband so that he could fight sincerely for his motherland.
उसने (रानी ने) अपना सिर काट डाला और इसे अपने पति को भेज दिया ताकि वह अपनी मातृभूमि के लिए निष्ठापूर्वक युद्ध कर सके।

Question 4.
How can we say that the Hadoti region is an area of wildlife?
आप कैसे कह सकते हैं कि हाड़ौती क्षेत्र वन्य जीवों का क्षेत्र है?
Answer:
It has a number of wildlife sanctuaries such as, Darra, Shergarh, Chambal etc.
इसमें अनेक वन्य जीव अभयारण्य हैं जैसे कि दर्रा, शेरगढ़, चम्बल आदि।

Question 5.
What fairs is Hadoti popular for?
हाड़ौती किन मेलों के लिए प्रसिद्ध है?
Answer:
Hadoti is popular for the Saharia tribal fair, Dussehra fair, and industrial fair.
हाड़ौती क्षेत्र सहरिया आदिवासी मेला, दशहरा मेला तथा औद्योगिक मेले के लिए प्रसिद्ध है।

Activity – II
1. Match the given words under ‘A’ with their meanings given under ‘B’
A के नीचे लिखे शब्दों को B के नीचे लिखे उनके अर्थों से मिलाओ
RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 11 A Letter from a Friend

2. Write the words associated with the given field –
दिये गये क्षेत्रों से सम्बन्धित शब्द लिखिए –
RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 11 A Letter from a Friend
Answer:

  1. Jewelry – Jewellers, Gems, Jewels, gold, silver, necklace, bangles, etc.
  2. Fair. – the exhibition, shops, colorful dresses, crowds etc.
  3. Garh – Fort, the Gagron fort, the Shergarh fort, the Garh palace, art, sculpture etc.
  4. Wildlife – Animals, birds, forests etc.

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 11 A Letter from a Friend

3. Fill in the blanks choosing the correct word from the box –
बॉक्स से सही शब्द चुनकर खाली स्थान भरो

thrill, promised, paradise, decorated, auspicious

  1. Sunil’s mama ………. him a new watch on his winning the quiz.
  2. The shopkeeper waited for an ………… muhurta to open his new shop.
  3. He ……… his room with pictures of all his favorite sports stars.
  4. Newly developed gardens in Jaipur give an appearance of a ……..
  5. The first ride on a camel back was a real …………. which I can never forget.

Answer:

  1. promised
  2. auspicious
  3. decorated
  4. paradise
  5. thrill

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 11 A Letter from a Friend

Activity – III

Now combine the sentences given below using ‘not only …….. but also’.
अब not only …….. but also on er oft निम्न वाक्यों को जोड़ें।

i. Rani punished the thief.
Raja punished the thief.
…………..

ii. She called her son Appu.
She called her son Arpit.
………….

iii. Juhi posted her letter yesterday.
Jasmine posted her letter yesterday.
………….

iv. Kalika Mata Mandir is a famous temple.
Mira Bai mandir is a famous temple.
…………

v. The farmer plowed the field.
The farmer sowed the seeds.
………..
Answers:

  1. Not only Rani but also Raja punished the thief.
  2. She not only called her son Appu but also Arpit.
  3. Not only Juhi but also Jasmine posted her letter yesterday.
  4. Not only Kalika Mata mandir but also Mira Bai mandir is a famous temple.
  5. The farmer not only plowed the field but also sowed the seeds.

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 11 A Letter from a Friend

Activity – IV

Read the given passage – (दिये गये पद्यांश को पढ़िए)

It was in those days when I was posted in a rural area. I was later transferred to this place after a period of 14 years of continuous teaching. I had to face all-new environments with an acute change in the dialect. It was very difficult for me to understand their language fully and to respond was far more challenging. The first language that they used as their local dialect. I tried my level best to understand them and respect their feelings with help of their gestures.

The teaching of English to such stuff was a difficult task. Moreover, our work was assessed on the board results. It took me almost a week’s time to make them understand Hindi which I used as a bridge language. It was quite awkward for them to hear Hindi all the time. When it came to the teaching of textbooks their faces and gesture made me roll over laughing. They looked sideways as if some strange action was being performed from the other side.

Instead of making fun of those innocent children, I decided to work with them. I inquired of them how their earlier teacher taught them. The method was such which would never have been taught in the history of teacher training. I told them to go patiently as I guided. But to my bafflement, a group of the students went straight away to the principal to complain against my teaching methods.

They even told him to arrange for a new teacher. When I shared the fact with the principal I explained to him the case. He agreed upon my strategy. Thereafter, the students were taken into confidence and the things were settled tone end. When the board results were declared the whole school rang with joy and all the grievances were cast away.
[The teacher should ask the short textual questions for comprehension.]

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 11 A Letter from a Friend

Questions

  1. Who is the author of this passage?
  2.  Why did the author face difficulties with the new students?
  3. How can you say that the teacher’s method of teaching was wrong?
  4. How were things settled?
  5. When was there a celebration in the school?

Answers:

  1. A teacher is the author of this passage.
  2. It was so because the students’ dialect was almost not understandable for the teacher.
  3. We can say so as the students complained to the principal against the teacher.
  4. The things were settled by taking the students into confidence.
  5. When the board results were as per expectation, there was a celebration in the school.

Activity – V
1. An itinerary is a detailed plan for a journey. It includes dates, stops, duration of the stay and a list of places to visit. Look at the following
एक यात्राक्रम (मार्ग सूची) यात्रा की एक विस्तृत योजना है। इसमें दिनांक, ठहराव, ठहराव की अवधि तथा भ्रमण किये जा सकने वाले स्थलों की सूची होती है। निम्न को देखें

ITINERARY
Day 1

9:00 – am reach Jaipur railway station
10:00 – am check into Hotel Rambagh; have to breakfast
11:00 am leave for sightseeing at Hawa Mahal, City Palace, Janter Manter
2-3 pm – lunch
3-7 pm – visit Ramniwas garden, Zoo, Albert Hall and Birla Mandir
8:00 pm – dinner

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 11 A Letter from a Friend

Day 2

9 – 12 am – travel by road to Bharatpur
12:00 – noon check into the RTDC hotel
1-2 pm – lunch
2-4 pm – visit Keoladeo Ghana Bird Sanctuary
4-7 pm – Fatehpur Sikari and Death Palaces
8:00 pm – dinner

Your class is going to Udaipur for an educational tour/excursion. Plan a two-day itinerary for the trip. Use the example provided above.
आपकी कक्षा एक शैक्षिक भ्रमण के लिए उदयपुर जा रही है। इस संक्षिप्त यात्रा का यात्राक्रम दो दिन के लिए तैयार कीजिए। उपर्युक्त उदाहरण का प्रयोग करें।
Answer:
Day 1
9:00 a.m. – reach Udaipur Railway Station
10:00 a.m. – check into Hotel Lake City; have breakfast
11:00 a.m. – leave for sightseeing at Sahelion Ki Bari.
2-3 p.m. – lunch
3-7 p.m. – visit Pratap Gaurav Museum
8:00 p.m. – dinner

Day 2
9:00 a.m. – have breakfast
10:00 a.m. – leave for the Fateh Sagar lake
2-3 p.m. – lunch
3-7 p.m.- visit Kumbhalgarh
8:00 p.m. – dinner

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 11 A Letter from a Friend

All our dreams can come true if have the courage to pursue them.
हमारे सभी सपने सच हो सकते हैं यदि इनको पूरा करने का साहस हमारे अन्दर हो।

RBSE Class 7 A Letter from a Friend Comprehension Passages

Passage – 1
It is said that Hadi Rani, a legendary character was married to Chundawat chieftain of Slumber. The chieftain loved her so much that he felt reluctant to go to the battlefield. The Hadi Rani persuaded him to comply with his duty towards his motherland. But for her love, he would not agree. Somehow he agreed. Before leaving the house. he sent a man to his beloved to give him a memento. Out of sheer disgust, the Runri Hudi cut fier heid ort tic neck and sent it to him.

Questions

  1. Who was Hadi Rani married to?
  2. Why was the chieftain reluctant to go to the battlefield?
  3. Who persuaded the chieftain to comply with his duty towards his motherland?
  4. What did the chieftain want from his wife?
  5. What did Rani Hadi do?
  6. Give the Hindi meaning of-reluctant
  7. Give the opposite genders of –
    (a) lover
    (b) husband

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 11 A Letter from a Friend

Answers:

  1. Hadi Rani was married to Chundawat chieftain of Slumber.
  2. The chieftain loved his wife much so he was reluctant to go to the battlefield.
  3. Hadi Rani persuaded him to comply with his duty towards his motherland.
  4. The chieftain wanted a memento from his wife before leaving the house for the battle-field.
  5. Hadi Rani cut her head off the neck: and sent it to him.
  6. अनिच्छुक
  7. (a) beloved (b) wife

Passage – 2
Such great was her love for the motherland. Mohini! if you are interested in wildlife and bird watching then you’ll really have fun here. Hadoti is blessed with water, flora, and fauna. There is Darra Sanctuary, National Chambal Gharial Sanctuary, and Shergarh Sanctuary. It is also recognized as a paradise for migratory birds from China and Europe. There is the Mathuradhish temple. Padmanabh Sun temple. Abhinav Jain temple. Buddhist Monastries and many temples from the 9-11th century having fine carvings and depicting various mythological characters and stories.

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 11 A Letter from a Friend

Questions

  1. What is Hadoti blessed with?
  2. What are the names of the various sanctuaries?
  3. For whom is Hadoti recognized as paradise?
  4. Name some temples of this region.
  5. What do the temples of Hadoti depict?
  6. Write the Hindi meaning of migratory
  7. Write the plurals of –
    (a) story
    (b) temple

Answers:

  1. Hadoti is blessed with water, flora, and fauna.
  2. There is Darra Sanctuary, National Chambal Gharial Sanctuary, and Shergarh Sanctuary.
  3. Hadoti is recognized as a paradise for migratory birds from China and Europe.
  4. Some temples of this region are Mathuradhish temple, Padmanabh Sun temple, Adhinath Jain temple, etc.
  5. The temples of Hadoti depict various mythological characters and stories.
  6. प्रवासी
  7. (a) stories (b) temples

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 11 A Letter from a Friend

Passage – 3
Not only are the cities, forts, palaces, gardens, and temples spectacular each proves a rewarding experience in itself but also they keep you absorbed for long hours at a stretch. The Gagron fort, the Shergarh Fort, the Garh palaces of Kota and Bundi are the magnificent palaces of Hadoti. It is a treasure of art and sculpture. The Chitrashala with its superb paintings decorates the palace walls. Hadoti is a popular name for fairs too. The Zaharias tribal fair of Sitabari in Baran district keeps a good position in the state.

Questions

  1. Mention some spectacular things of Hadoti.
  2. Which are some of the magnificent palaces of Hadoti?
  3. How is the Chitrashala used?
  4. For what is Hadoti a popular name?
  5. What is the name of the famous fair of the Baran district?
  6. Give the Hindi meaning of popular
  7. Give the opposite of –
    (a) short
    (b) bad

Answers:

  1. Cities, forts, palaces, gardens, and temples are some of the spectacular things of Hadoti.
  2. The Garh palaces of Kota and Bundi are some of the magnificent palaces of Hadoti.
  3. The Chitrashala with its superb paintings is used to decorate the palace walls.
  4. Hadoti is a popular name for fairs too.
  5. Saharia tribal fair of Sitabari in Baran district is the name of that famous fair.
  6. लोकप्रिय
  7. (a) long (b) good

Passage – 4
It is held in the summer season. The place has a number of kinds where taking a holy dip is auspicious. The tribals bedecked with jewelry and attired in colorful dresses flock in the fair. It’s a real picture of the tribal lifestyle. We have the biggest fair of Rajasthan, held during Dushhera in Kota-a representation of the culture and tradition.

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 11 A Letter from a Friend

The industrial fair of Kota provides opportunities for the development and industrial growth of Rajasthan. I’ll send you photos that will give you a real view of the scenario. Your actual visit will not only give you pleasure but also enrich your knowledge about this area.

Questions

  1. For what purpose are the kinds used?
  2. How do the tribals bedeck themselves?
  3. Which fair represents the Rajasthan culture and tradition?
  4. What does the industrial fair of Kota provide opportunities for?
  5. What will the actual visit give thein?
  6. Give the Hindi meaning of – pleasure
  7. Give the opposites of –
    (a) take
    (b) winter

Answers:

  1. The kinds are used for holy dips.
  2. The tribals bedeck themselves with jewelry and attired in colorful dresses.
  3. The Dussehra fair of Rajasthan represents the Rajasthani culture and tradition.
  4. The industrial fair of Kota provides opportunities for the development and industrial growth of Rajasthan.
  5. The actual visit will give them not only pleasure but also the knowledge of that area.
  6. प्रसन्नता, खुशी
  7. (a) send
    (b) summer

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 11 A Letter from a Friend

कठिन शब्दार्थ एवं हिन्दी अनुवाद

1. I-5-B, 1. Jawahar Nagar ……….. sent it to him. (Pages 57 – 58)

कठिन शब्दार्थ:
Hope (होप) = आशा। letter (लेटर) = पत्र। the best of spirits (द् बेस्ट ऑव स्पिरिट्स) = सर्वोत्तम प्रफुल्लता। visited (विजिटिड) = घूमा। around (अराउण्ड) = इधर-उधर।
historical (हिस्टॉरिकल) = ऐतिहासिक। region (रीजन) = क्षेत्र। reminded (रिमाइंडिड) = याद दिलाना। promise (प्रॉमिस) = वचन। examinations (इगजैमिनेशन) = परीक्षा । share (शेअर) = बाँटना। thrill (थ्रिल) = रोमांच।

comprised (कम्प्राइज्ड) = मिलकर बना। districts (डिस्ट्रिक्ट्स) = जिले। legendary (लेजॅन्डरि) = सुप्रसिद्ध। character (कैरॅक्टर) = चरित्र। married (मैरिड) = शादी हुई। reluctant (रिलकटॅन्ट) = अनिच्छुक। battle (बैटल) = युद्ध। field (फील्ड) = क्षेत्र। persuaded (पॅस्वेडिड) = मनाया, समझाया। comply (कमप्लाइ) = पूरा करना, अनुरोध मानना। duty (ड्यूटि) = कर्तव्य। towards (टवोड्ज) = की तरफ। motherland (मदरलैण्ड) = मातृभूमि। memento (ममेन्टो) = स्मृतिचिह्न। sheer (शिअर) = पूर्ण, एकदम। disgust (डिस्गस्ट) = विरक्ति, अनिच्छा।

हिन्दी अनुवाद:
1-5-बी, जवाहर नगर, कोटा
27 अक्टूबर 2015
प्रिय मोहिनी
आशा करती हूँ कि आप सर्वोत्तम प्रफुल्लता में हैं। अंजलि मेरे पास पिछले सप्ताह आई थी। मैं उसके साथ हाड़ौती क्षेत्र के सारे ऐतिहासिक स्थल घूमी। इसलिए मुझे आपका परीक्षा के बाद कोटा आकर घूमने का वादा याद आया। मैं आपको यह पत्र अपने उस रोमांच को बाँटने, जो मुझे कोट और उसके आसपास घूमने में आया, के लिए लिख रही हूँ। यहाँ पर कुछ तथ्य हाड़ौती क्षेत्र के बारे में हैं। हाड़ौती राजस्थान के चार जिलों से मिलकर बना है, जिनके नाम बाराँ, बूंदी, झालावाड़ और कोटा हैं।

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 11 A Letter from a Friend

यह कहा जाता था कि हाड़ी रानी, एक प्रसिद्ध चरित्र का विवाह सलूम्बर के चूंडावत सरदार के साथ हुआ था। वह सरदार उससे इतना प्यार करता था कि वह युद्धभूमि में भी जाने का अनिच्छुक था। हाड़ी रानी ने उसे मातृभूमि के प्रति कर्त्तव्य पूरा करने के लिए अनुरोध किया। पर उसके प्यार में उसने नहीं माना। किसी तरह वह माना। घर छोड़ने से पहले, उसने एक आदमी अपनी प्रेमिका के पास स्मृतिचिह्न देने के लिए भेजा। पूर्णतया विरक्ति से हाडी रानी ने अपना सिर गले से काटकर अलग किया और उसे उसके पास भेज दिया।

2. Such great was ………. the palace walls. (Page 58)

कठिन शब्दार्थ:
great (ग्रेट) = महान्। interested (इन्टॅरॅस्टिड) = रुचि होना। wild life (वाइल्ड लाइफ) = जंगली जीवन। watching (वोचिंग) = देखते हुए। flora (फ्लॉरा) = वनस्पति। fauna (फाउना) = जंतु समूह। recognized (रेकॅगनाइज्ड) = पहचाना। paradise (पैराडाइस) = स्वर्ग China (चाइना) = चीन। Monastries (मोनॅसट्रिज) = मठ। carvings (कारविंग्ज) = नक्काशी। depicting (डिपिक्टिंग) = चित्रांकन। various (वेअरिअस) = विविध।

mythological (मिथॉलॉजिकल) = पौराणिक। characters (कैरॅक्टॅज) = चरित्र। cities (सिटिज) = शहरों। forts (फोर्ट) = किलों। gardens (गार्डन्ज) = बागों। temples (टेम्पलज) = मंदिरों। palaces (पैलिसिज) = महलों। spectacular (स्पेकटैक्यलॅर) = भव्य। rewarding (रिवोर्डिंग) = पुरस्कार। absorbed (अब्जोब्ड) = व्यस्त, लीन। at a stretch (एट अ स्ट्रेच) = एक बार में ही। magnificent (मैग्निफिसंट) = भव्य। art (आर्ट) = कला। sculpture (स्कल्पचर) = मूर्तिकला। superb (सूपॅर्ब) = उत्कृष्ट। decorates (डेकॅरेट्स) = सजाते हैं।

हिन्दी अनुवाद:
इतना महान् था उसका मातृभूमि के लिए प्यार। मोहिनी! यदि तुम वन्य जीवन और पक्षी विहार में दिलचस्पी लेती हो तो तुम्हें यहाँ बहुत मजा आएगा। हाडौती पानी, पेड़-पौधे और जीव-जन्तु से भरपूर है। यहाँ दर्रा अभयारण्य, नेशनल चंबल घड़ियाल अभयारण्य और शेरगढ़ अभयारण्य हैं। यह चीन और यूरोप के प्रवासी पक्षियों का स्वर्ग भी जाना जाता है। यहाँ मथुराधीश मंदिर, पद्मनाभ सूर्य मंदिर, आदिनाथ जैन मंदिर, बुद्ध मठ और 9 – 11 वीं शताब्दी के बहुत से मंदिर हैं जिनमें बारीक नक्काशी है और बहुत सी पौराणिक कथाओं और चरित्रों को बताते हैं।

न सिर्फ शहर, किले, महल, बाग और मंदिर दर्शनीय हैं, हर एक अपने आप में एक ईनामी अनुभव है, बल्कि ये आपको एक ही बार में लम्बे समय तक व्यस्त / लीन रखते हैं। गागरोन किला, शेरगढ़ किला, कोटा और बूंदी के गढ़-महल, हाड़ौती के भव्य महल हैं। यह कला और मूर्तिकला का खजाना है। चित्रशाला अपनी उत्कृष्ट चित्रकला से महल की दीवारों को सजाती है।

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 11 A Letter from a Friend

3. Hadoti is a popular ……. Malini. (Pages 58-60)

कठिन शब्दार्थ:
popular (पॉप्युलर) = लोकप्रिय। tribal (ट्राइबल) = आदिवासी। fair (फेअर) = मेला। position (पॅजिशन) = स्थिति। state (स्टेट) = राज्य। summer (समर) = गर्मी। season (सीजन) = मौसम। holy (होलि) = पवित्र। dip (डिप) = डुबकी। auspicious (ओस्पिशंस) = मांगलिक। bedecked (बीडेक्ट) = सजाना। jewellery (जूअलॅरि) = आभूषण। attired (अटाइअर्ड) = वस्त्र पहनना। flock (फ्लॉक) = झुण्ड। life style (लाइफ स्टाइल) = रहन-सहन।

representation (रेप्रिजेन्टेशन) = प्रतिनिधित्व। culture (कल्चर) = संस्कृति। tradition (ट्रैडिशन) = परम्परा। industrial (इंडस्ट्रिअल) = औद्योगिक। provides (पॅवाइड्ज) = उपलब्ध कराता है। opportunities (ओपॅच्युनॅटिज) = अवसर। development (डिवेल्पमॅन्ट) = विकास। growth (ग्रउथ) = अभिवृद्धि। view (व्यू) = दृष्टि। scenario (सिनारिओ) = दृश्य। pleasure (प्लेजर) = प्रसन्नता। enrich (इनरिच) = अधिक सम्पन्न बनाना। knowledge (नॉलिज) = ज्ञान। forward (फोबॅड) = आगे।

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English Chapter 11 A Letter from a Friend

हिन्दी अनुवाद:
हाडौती मेलों के लिए भी प्रसिद्ध स्थान है। बारां जिले में सीताबाड़ी का सहरिया आदिवासी मेला राज्य में अच्छा स्थान रखता है। यह गर्मी के मौसम में होता है। इस स्थान पर बहुत से कुण्ड हैं जहाँ पवित्र डुबकी लेना शुभ होता है। आदिवासी जेवरों से लदे और रंगबिरंगे वस्त्रों में सुसज्जित होकर मेलों में आते हैं। आदिवासी रहन-सहन का यह वास्तविक चित्र है।

दशहरे पर कोटा में हम राजस्थान का सबसे बड़ा मेला देखते हैं-जो संस्कृति और परंपरा का प्रतिनिधि है। कोटा का औद्योगिक मेला राजस्थान के विकास और औद्योगिक विकास के लिए अवसर प्रदान करता है। मैं आपको चित्र भेजूंगी जो आपको दृश्य का वास्तविक दर्शन देंगे। आपका वास्तव में यहाँ आकर घूमना न केवल आपको प्रसन्न करेगा बल्कि आपका इस क्षेत्र के बारे में ज्ञान भी बढ़ाएगा। आपकी यात्रा के इंतजार में। आपकी सच्ची मित्र मालिनी

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