Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 6 Social Science Solutions Chapter 6 Continents and Oceans
RBSE Class 6 Social Science Continents and Oceans Intext Questions and Answers
Page No 43.
Observe the world’s political map and try to identify the countries with the largest population in the South and South East And then write their names.
India, Pakistan and Bangladesh are the most populated countries in South Asia. India is the second most populated country in the world in South-east Asia, China, Indonesia and Japan are the most important countries from population point of view. China is the most populated country of the world.
Page No 44.
List all different organisms found in Asia and Africa continents, with the help of your teacher.
Animals and wild life found in Asian continent : randier, cow, buffalo, sheep, goat, horse, camel, donkey, elephant, lion, tiger, leopard, crocodiles, fox, zebra etc. Animals and wild life found in the African continent : genda, zebra, deer, African lion, elephant, cow, camel, bullock, ziraf etc.
Page No 47.
Study the world map and try to identify water bodies around Australia.
On the North and South-east of Australia continent lies the Pacific ocean and on the west the Indian ocean.
RBSE Class 6 Social Science Continents and Oceans Text Book Questions and Answers
Choose the correct option:
(i) Which is the biggest continent in the world?
(d) North America
(ii) In which ocean does the deepest trench lie?
(a) The Pacific Ocean
(b) The Atlantic Ocean
(c) The Arctic Ocean
(d) The Indian Ocean
(a) The Pacific Ocean
Fill in the blanks:
- Australia continent is also called ……………………..
- Europe and Asia together are called as ……………………..
- The Atlantic ocean is of …………………….. shape.
- …………………….. ocean lies on the North Pole.
What is Fezenda?
Farms of coffee are known as Fezenda in Brazil.
Which is the busiest ocean from the business point of view?
The Atlantic ocean is the busiest ocean in the world as all the important sea routes pass through it. This ocean is important for doing business between two developed continents namely, Europe and North America.
In which continent does ‘The great Lake region’ lie? Write the names of the main lakes of this region.
‘The great lake region’ lies in the North America continent. It includes five lakes of North America – Superior, Michigan, Huton, Eiri and Ontario.
Which continent has temperate climate on its most parts?
Maximum part of African continent falls in temperate climate because all the three lines – Tropic of Cancer, Equator and Tropic of Capricorn – pass through this continent.
Write any four characteristics of Asia continent
- Asia continent is the largest continent as far as population and area is concerned..
- World’s highest mountain range the Himalaya lies here.
- Largest Plateau, the plateau of Tibet of the world is situated here.
- Differerit types of climate, flora and fauna are found here.
How many oceans are there in the world? Explain it briefly.
There are mainly four oceans in the world which are as follows:
1. The Pacific Ocean –
It is the largest of all the oceans. Its shape is like that of a triangle. It is spread in 1/3 area of the world. It is surrounded by Asia, North America, South America, Antarctica and Australia continents. Many islands of Asia and Australia lie in it. Japan, Philippines and New Zealand etc. are important among-est them. Many gorges and trenches are found in this ocean. 60% of volcanic eruption and earthquakes occur at the coastal region of this ocean; Therefore, its coastal region is called ‘Fire Ring’.
2. The Atlantic Ocean –
It is the second largest ocean. It is ‘S’ in shape. It is surrounded by North and South America in the west, and Europe and Africa in the east. ‘The Daggar Bank’ and ‘Grand Bank’ are the main fishing centers in the northern region of this ocean. A fully submerged system of mountain, known as central gorge is present at the centre if the Atlantic ocean. It is the busiest ocean in the world as all the important sea routes pass through it.
3. The Indian Ocean –
It is the third largest mountain in the world. It is joined to the Pacific ocean in the east and the Atlantic ocean in the west. The Arabian sea situated to the west and the Bay of Bengal to the east of our country are parts of the Indian odean only. It is named after our country Hindustan, which is situated in the north. It has many islands.
4. The Arctic Ocean –
It is the smallest ocean amongst all the oceans in the world. It is situated around the North Pole. It is the only ocean which is covered with ice. ‘Bering Strait’ connects it to the Pacific ocean and the ‘Denmark Strait’ connects it to the Atlantic ocean.
RBSE Class 6 Social Science Continents and Oceans Important Questions and Answers
Objective Type Questions:
On how much part of the earth are the continents extended?
Which continent in the world is the largest from the point of view of population and area?
(c) North America
(d) South America
Name the continent through which passes three lines Tropic of Cancer, Tropic of Capricorn and Equator?
(b) North America
Which is the smallest continent of the world?
(c) North America
Which is the biggest ocean from the point of view of area?
(a) Pacific ocean
(b) Indian ocean
(c) Atlantic ocean
(d) Arctic ocean
(a) Pacific ocean
Fill in the blanks:
- Suez Canal and the Red Sea separate …………………… from Asia. (Africa/Europe)
- ………………….. Sea is the deepest place in the world. (Caspian/Dead)
- ……………………. is the world’s largest desert spread in North Africa. (Sahara/Kalahari)
- …………………….is the largest lake in Africa. (Superior/Victoria)
- ……………………. is the biggest producer of coffee in the world. (Brazil/India)
- Brazil .
Match the following:
|Colum ’A’||Colum ’B’|
|1. Andes mountain ranges||Africa|
|2. Rocky mountain||Australia|
|3. Kilimejoro||South America|
|4. Great Dividing Range||North America|
|1. Andes mountain ranges||South America|
|2. Rocky mountain||North America|
|4. Great Dividing Range||Australia|
Very Short Questions Answers:
What is an Ocean?
The great body of water that is. limit-less and surrounds the land masses of the earth is called ocean.
Which is the longest river of Asia?
Yangatese river that flows in China is the longest river of Asia.
Which is the longest river of the world and through which continent does it pass?
Nile is the longest river in the world. It flows through South Africa continent.
Which is the highest waterfall in the world and in which continent does it lie?
The highest waterfall of the world is Angle which lies in Venezuela of South America.
Name the coldest continent in the world.
Which is the biggest plateau in the world?
The biggest plateau in the world is plateau of Tibet.
Name the world’s biggest and deepest trench.
The world’s biggest and deepest trench is ‘The Grand Canyon’ which is situated on river Colorado.
What is the name of Indian Research Centre which is situated in Antarctica?
Who discovered Antarctica?
Antarctica was discovered by Captain James Cook in 1773 while John Davis was the first man to reach there in 1821.
Which is the longest river in Europe and in which sea it falls?
Volgo is the longest river in Europe and it falls down in the Caspian sea.
Where are Marino sheep reared that are popularly known for their quality wool?
Marino sheep are reared in Australia and New Zealand.
Name the famous gold mines on Australia.
Which area in the world is known as ‘Lungs of the Earth’?
The area near the Amazon is the largest rain forest area in the world and it is also known as ‘Lungs of the Earth’.
Which is the smallest country in the world?
Vatican City in Europe continent is the smallest city in the world.
Short Question Answers:
What is a Continent? Give the names of the continents of the world.
A huge mainland which is surrounded largely spread ocean is called continent. Our continents are seven –
- North America
- South America
Write four characteristics of Africa continent?
- All three lines Tropic of Cancer, Tropic of Capricorn and Equator pass through this continent.
- Maximum part of this continent falls into temperate climate.
- The largest Sahara Desert of the world is here in Africa continent.
- The longest river in the world is Nile which flows through Africa and falls into Mediterranean Sea.
Write a short note on North America.
North America is the third largest continent of the world. The Arctic ocean, the Bay of Mexico, the Atlantic ocean and the Pacific ocean lie to the north, the south, the east and the west respectively of this continent. The region in north has very Cold climate while the south region has very hot climate. Rocky mountain and other mountain ranges are situated in the west cost of this continent. Most fertile plains of Canada and USA are here. ‘The great lake region’ lies here. The Mississippi, the Missouri and the Ohio rivers are the main rivers of this continent.
What do you know about South America?
It is the fourth largest continent in the world. The Caribian sea in the north, Pacific ocean in the west, and the Atlantic ocean in the east, all these lie north of this continent. Brazil is the largest country of this continent, where coffee is produced. Andes mountain is the largest mountain range of this continent. On this basis of catchment area of any river, the Amazon is the biggest river which often flows in Brazil. The tropical rain forest area of the Amazon contains very vast and different types of life forms in the whole of the continent.
Write a short note on Europe continent.
Europe is the second smallest continent of the world. To the north of Europe lies the Arctic ocean, the Mediterranean in the south, Asia in the east and the Atlantic in the west. There are so many rivers and mountain ranges. Here climate is temperate. All the countries of this continent are developed. In the north-west region of this content are vast plains, thick population and advance industrial areas.
Describe five characteristics of Australia continent .
- It is the smallest continent lying in the Southern Hemisphere.
- The great ‘barrier reef’ lies near to the east coast of this continent in the Pacific ocean.
- The sheep and other animals are reared in the low middle regions of Australia.
- The western region of Australia has the world’s third largest and the hottest desert.
- Kangaroo is Australia’s famous animal.
Essay Type Question Answers:
How many continents are there in the world? Give a brief describe of them.
There are seven continents which are as follows:
1. Asia Continent –
It is the largest continent in the world from the point of view of area and population. The entire Asia continent is situated in the North Hemisphere. But some islands of it are situated in the southern hemisphere. The world’s highest mountain ranges Himalaya are here. The lowest land mass the Dead Sea lie here. The Suez Canal and the Red Sea separate Asia from Africa. Ural Mountain separate it from Europe.
2. Africa Continent –
Africa in next to Asia in size and population and stands on the second position in the world. It has Tropic of Cancer, the Tropic of Capricorn and Equator pass through this continent. Maximum part of it lies in hot temperate zone. The biggest Sahara Desert of the world lies here. The longest river Nile in the world lies here.
3. North America –
It is the third largest continent of the world. Its main countries are USA, Canada and Mexico. The world’s fresh water lake named Superior lake is situated. It is also called ‘Great Lake Region’.
4. South America –
It is the fourth largest continent of the world. On the basis of catchment area the Amazon is the biggest river in the world. The longest mountain ranges in the world named the Andes are situated in the west of this continent.
5. Antarctica –
It is located around the south pole. So it remains covered with thick layer of snow all the time. It is the coldest region in the world. As a result, there is no permanent human habitation here. There is no vegetation also.
6. Europe –
It is second smallest continent in the world. Asia lies in the east of it. It is the third largest country in terms of population. Almost all the countries of this continent are developed.
7. Australia –
It is the smallest continent in the world lying in South hemisphere. Australia, New Zealand, Tasmania and nearby islands are part of this continent. That is why it is called ‘Oceania’.