Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 6 Social Science Solutions Chapter 5 Maps
RBSE Class 6 Social Science Maps Text Book Questions and Answers
Choose the correct option:
(i) The needle of a compass always points towards:
(ii) Which country did Vasco-de-Gama discover via the sea route?
(b) Sri Lanka
Fill in the blanks:
- A globe is a model of ………………….
- Vasco-de-Gama reached India at Calicut of …………………. state in 1498.
- …………………. machine was discovered in Europe in 16th Century.
What is the different between a map and a globe?
- A globe is three dimensional representation whereas a map is two dimensional representation. Globe is replica of earth but a map is not replica of earth.
- The size of latitudes decreases while moving from equator to the poles in a globe but on the maps they are generally of the same size.
- On the globe, the poles are almost equal to a dot but on maximum maps they are shown by a single straight line.
How many types of maps are there? Out of them, describe only three.
Mainly maps are four types:
- Physical ipap
- Political map
- Thematic map
- Cadastral map.
- Physical Map – The physical features of the earth such as mountains, plateous, rivers, oceans, lakes etc. are shown in a physical map.
- Political Map – A map showing different cities, towns, villages, states, different nations of the world and their territories etc. is called a political map.
- Thematic Map – A map representing a particular theme or topic such as weather conditions, transport, forests, industries, rail routes, population, minerals etc. is called a thematic map.
What is the different between a blueprint, sketch and map and write their uses.
Why are maps in more use than a globe? Explain.
- Maps can be easily made in comparison to a globe.
- Maps can be easily carried from one place to another whereas is very difficult to carry a globe from one place to another place.
- Small places and towns can be easily shown on a map but it is very difficult to do so an a globe. Besides these reasons, maps are frequently used in day to day life, comparing to a globe.
What is scale? Explain with the help of an example.
The ratio of actual distance between two regions (places) and the distance shown between them in maps is called the scale. Example the distance between two regions on earth is 10 kms. and it is shown on map by 1 cm. Then the scale is 1 cm = 10 kms.
Write about the advantages of maps.
Following are the advantages of maps:
- The distance, direction, shape and size can be represented on the surface in a map.
- The distance between any two regions is easily calculated with the help of a map.
- Direction of any region or place can also be depicted on maps.
- A map represents an area of the earth in a small size.
- A scale is used for making a map.
- Different symbols are used in maps.
RBSE Class 6 Social Science Maps Important Questions and Answers
Objective Type Questions:
If the scale of a maps is 1 cm = 10 km and the distance of two places have been shown 4 cm. Then actual distance of two places will be –
(a) 10 km
(b) 20 km
(c) 40 km
(d) 25 km
(c) 40 km
Map showing territory of country, state, city, village, state and country is called –
(a) physical map
(b) political map
(c) thematic map
(d) cadastral map
(b) political map
In a map, symbolic sign of police station is –
When we show main places in a rough sketch to make a person understand address of our house, this picture is called –
(c) blue print
In which year, (America) new world was discovered by Columbus –
Fill in the blanks:
- ……………………….. map is generally kept by Patwari (Cadastral/thematic)
- For the first time, ancient ………………………… geographer developed art of making map. (Greece/Indian)
- The map which gives information about a certain thing is called ………………………… map. (thematic/cadastral)
- Maps which show natural features of the earth are called ………………………… (physical map/political map)
- In a map North direction is shown by an arrow and indicated by ………………………… letter. (writing ‘N’/writing ‘S’)
- physical map
Match the following:
|Physical feature||Instrument iridi – eating direction|
|Territory of a country||Cadastral|
|Physical feature||Physical map|
|Territory of a country||Political map|
|Compass||Instrument indi- eating direction|
Very Short Question Answers:
What is a map?
Map is a two dimension representation of earth or one part of it.
What is that map is called which shows physical features of the earth?
What is a map called which shows different cities, nations of the world is called?
What is a map called representing a particular theme or topic?
Write two characteristics of a map.
- To find out distance between two places.
- To know about direction.
How is a particular direction indicated in a map?
North direction is indicated by writing ‘N’ letter.
When north direction is not indicated in a map, in such condition which part of a map is considered as North?
Upper part of a map indicates North.
In order to show various characteristics of physical part of earth, what is used in a map?
Various traditional signs of symbols.
By which colour is generally shown river, ocean and other resources etc.?
By blue, colour.
Write two importance’s of a map.
- It is very easy to carry a map from one place to another.
- The distance, direction, shape and size can be represented on the map.
Short Question Answers:
What is called physical map?
The physical features of the earth such as mountains, plateaus, rivers, oceans, lakes etc. are shown in a physical map.
Discuss political map.
A map showing different cities, towns, villages, states, different nations of the world and their territories etc. is called a political map.
What is Thematic map?
A map representing a particular theme or topic such as weather conditions, transport, forests, industries, rail routes, population, minerals etc. is called a thematic map.
What are the characteristics of a map?
It is the characteristic of a map that the distance, direction, shape and size, can be represented on the flat surface in a map. Direction North is shown with an arrow and ‘N’ written on the map. Signs, conventional symbols and colour are used in a map.
How is distance represented in a map?
Maps have important characteristics that they show distance between two places. Scale is used to represent distance in a map. Scale is the ratio of actual distance between two regions (places) and the distance shown between them in maps.
How can direction be known in a map?
In a map North direction is shown with an arrow and indicated by writing ‘N’ on the map. The head of the arrow represents north while its opposite side represents south. When north direction is not indicated in a map, in such condition upper part of the map is known as North direction. In this way, by a formula direction is known in a map.
What is the utility of conventional signs or symbols in a map?
Conventional Signs or Symbols –
Map represents any part of the earth in a miniature form on a flat surface. These symbols give more knowledge in less space. As per agreement all over the world regarding the use of certain symbols which make it easier for people to understand the maps of other countries without knowing their respective languages.
What is the role of colour in a map?
Different colours are used to show certain physical features of the earth. Generally, oceans and water bodies are shown in blue colour, plains in green colour, plateaus in yellow colour and mountains in brown colour.
What do you mean by sketch?
A rough picture that shows certain places, is known as sketch. A sketch is not drawn on ,a scale. It does not convey the correct proportion between different pictures, directions and distances.
What is a blue print?
A blue print is a photographic print of a plan for a building or a machine or a small area with white lines and a blue background drawn with a large scale. We draw a blue print to show a small place in great details. It has limited utility.
What is Cadastral Map?
In this map small regions are shown in detail in order to make people know about the uses of a land. It is generally carried by a Patwari, containing maps of the fields of any person. This shows which land belongs to whom.
Describe about the world map developed by the Heketius.
Heketius developed his first map in 56 Century. This incident belonged to the time when the earth was not believed to be a sphere but a circle in structure. Greece was shown in the centre of this circle. At that time the world was divided into 3 continents. Europe, Asia and Africa. Then Asia was known upto the west of the Indus Valley.
What is a globe? Why and how was it created?
Globe is the model of the Earth. All the information of the earth we can get at a glance. So the globe was created as a model of the earth. The man made imaginary latitudes and longitudes lines on the model of the earth. In this way, we can get accurate information of any part of the earth.
Essay Type Question Answers:
How did the art of making map develop?
Development of Map –
1. Ancient Greece –
First of all, the art of making maps was developed by the geographers of Greece. Heketius developed his first map in 5-6th Century. At that time the earth was believed to be a circle in structure. Greece was shown in the centre of this circle. The world was divided into 3 continents – Europe, Asia and Africa. Then Asia was known up to the west of the Indus Valley.
2. Development of art of Map in Roman Empire –
After the fall of Greece, the Roman empire came into existence. It extended up to middle Europe, France, Italy, UK etc. At that time great geographer Ptolemy made maps of Europe and the world in which latitudes and longitudes were also depicted. Territory of Europe was shown up to the coastal area of Spain etc. in the maps.
3. Dark Age –
When the Roman Empire fell down, Europe faced the dark age from 2nd Century to 7th Century. During this period no development in the art of making maps took place.
4. Revival of art of Map (After 13th Century) –
For knowing exact directions for sea journeys, the art of making maps again started developing in Europe after 13th Century. At this time first globe was also made. Marco Paulo, Columbus, Vasco- de-Gama, Maglin and Capt. Cook traveled long distances and gained more knowledge about oceans and continents. Printing machine was invented and it became easier to make maps with the help of this machine. In this way, maps were developed for the sea voyages.
Discuss in brief about importance of maps.
A map is a representation of the earth or its part in two dimensional forms. There are chances of variations in shape, size and direction in a globe. So it can’t be a copy of globe. Despite this, a map has following advantages:
- It is easier to make maps than a globe.
- Maps can be easily carried from one place to another place.
- In a map, small places, villages, cities can be shown.
- Atlas is a collection of various kinds of maps, which give us information in detail. In our day to day life, utility of maps is more than that of a globe.