RBSE Class 8 English Grammar Punctuation and Use of Capital Letters

RBSE Solutions for Class 8 English

Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 8 English Grammar Punctuation and Use of Capital Letters

परिभाषा- जब हम लिखते हैं तो कुछ चिह्नों (points, stops या marks) का प्रयोग करते हैं। इन चिह्नों के सही प्रयोग को Punctuation कहते हैं। उचित विराम चिह्नों द्वारा एक sentence को दूसरे sentence से और sentence के एक भाग को दूसरे से अलग किया जा सकता है।

निम्नलिखित प्रमुख विराम-चिह्न हैं:-

  1. Full Stop [.]
  2. Comma [,]
  3. Inverted Commas [“…”]
  4. Ouestion mark [?]
  5. Apostrophe [‘]
  6. Capital letter.

RBSE Class 8 English Grammar Punctuation and Use of Capital Letters

1. Full stop (पूर्ण विराम) [.]

1. Assertive (विधिसूचक) तथा Imperative (आज्ञार्थक) sentences के अन्त में, जैसे-
Kanti will sing a song.

2. हस्ताक्षरों के नामों के छोटे रूप (initials) के अन्त – में,जैसे-
M.K. Gandhi, R. N. Tagore, K. M. Munshi.

3. संक्षिप्त रूप वाले शब्दों (Abbreviations) में, जैसे-
B.A.,M.A., M.L.C., M.P.

RBSE Class 8 English Grammar Punctuation and Use of Capital Letters

2. Comma (अल्प विराम) [,]

1. यदि एक वाक्य में एक ही Part of Speech के तीन या तीन से अधिक शब्द साथ-साथ आये हों और अन्तिम दो शब्द and द्वारा जुड़े हों, तो उनके बीच में Comma का प्रयोग करते है, जैसे-
She is intelligent, honest, truthful and hardworking.

2. Nominative of Address में प्रयुक्त Noun को पृथक् करने के लिए, जैसे- Boys, listen to me.

3. Direct Narration X Reporting part on Reported Speech से अलग करने के लिए Comma का प्रयोग करते हैं, जैसे
Mohan said to me, “I write a letter.”

4. Compound sentence में Coordinate Clause को अलग करने में Comma का प्रयोग होता है, जैसे
The way was long, and the night was dark.

5. यदि किसी वाक्य के आरम्भ में Noun Clause हो तो उसे अलग करने के लिए Comma का प्रयोग होता है, जैसे-
That he will go to Agra, is certain.

6. Yes तथा No के पश्चात् Comma का प्रयोग होता है; जैसे-
Do you like this book? Yes, I like. Do you go there? No, I don’t.

RBSE Class 8 English Grammar Punctuation and Use of Capital Letters

3. Inverted Commas [“……”]

1. Direct Narration में वक्ता के शब्दों (Reported Speech) के प्रारम्भ और अन्त में; जैसे-
Shanti said to me, “You are a good player.”

2. किसी Quotation को लिखने के लिए; जैसे-
Napoleon says, “Nothing is impossible in the world.”

3. पुस्तकों के नाम, निबन्धों तथा लेखों के शीर्षक, पत्रों के नाम, जहाजों के नाम आदि भी Single Inverted Commas के भीतर रखे जाते हैं, जैसे-
Have you read ‘The Gita’?

RBSE Class 8 English Grammar Punctuation and Use of Capital Letters

4. Question Mark (प्रश्नसूचक चिह्न) [?]

इसका प्रयोग सदैव प्रश्नवाचक वाक्यों के अन्त में होता है, जैसे-
Where do you live?
Will you come today?

RBSE Class 8 English Grammar Punctuation and Use of Capital Letters

5. Apostrophe [‘]

1. Nouns के Possessive case (सम्बन्धसूचक) के लिए; जैसे-
Ravi’s book, Ram’s pen.

2. कुछ शब्दों को संक्षिप्त बनाने के लिए; जैसे-
E’er = Ever
I’ve = I have

3. संक्षिप्त रूप वाले शब्दों को बहुवचन बनाने के लिए, जैसे-
Many M.A.’s are unemployed.

RBSE Class 8 English Grammar Punctuation and Use of Capital Letters

6. Capital Letters

Capital Letters का प्रयोग निम्नलिखित प्रकार से होता है:
1. वाक्य के आरम्भ में, जैसे
Hari goes to the market.

2. Direct speech या कहावत का प्रथम शब्द लिखने में; जैसे-
Mohan said to me, “Where are you coming from?”

3. Proper Nouns या Proper Adjectives लिखने में प्रथम अक्षर; जैसे-
Harish, English, Indian.

4. दिनों, महीनों, मेलों, त्योहारों के नाम का पहला अक्षर; जैसे-
Monday, June, April.

5. पुस्तकों, कविताओं, पत्रों, लेखों, अध्यायों, कहानियों, निबन्ध, शीर्षक का नाम लिखने में पहला अक्षर; जैसे-
The Mahabharat, the Gita, the Hindustan Times.

RBSE Class 8 English Grammar Punctuation and Use of Capital Letters

6. गलियों, बाजारों और जहाजों का नाम लिखने में पहला अक्षर, जैसे-
Chaura Rasta (सड़क), Chandni Chowk (बाजार)

7. भाषा के नाम लिखने में पहला अक्षर जैसे-
English, Hindi, Sanskrit आदि

Exercise – 1
(From the Text book)

Rewrite these sentences using punctuation marks and capital letters where required.
जहाँ पर आवश्यक हो वहाँ पर विराम चिह्नों व बड़े अक्षरों का प्रयोग करते हुए इन वाक्यों को पुनः लिखो।

  1. but for the last few days they have stopped this activity
  2. kalu the bear shook his head angrily
  3. things have really become worse said hattu sorrowfully.
  4. long long ago in a small village near khetri lived a family with sixteen children.
  5. the battalion reached the village but noticed no movement heard no noise.
  6. why are you alone here asked the officer.
  7. at this moment sudden shouts of joy were heard.
  8. one moment my boys listen said he eyeing the young woman suspiciously.
  9. the provisions are good I hope.
  10. yes I have poisoned you.

Answer:

  1. But, for the last few days they have stopped this activity.
  2. Kalu, the bear, shook his head angrily.
  3. “Things have really become worse”, said Hattu sorrowfully.
  4. Long, long ago, in a small village near Khetri, lived a family with sixteen children.
  5. The battalion reached the village but noticed no movement, heard no noise.
  6. “Why are you alone here?” asked the officer.
  7. At this moment, sudden shouts of joy were heard.
  8. One moment, my boys, listen, said he, eyeing the young woman suspiciously.
  9. The provisions are good, I hope.
  10. Yes, I have poisoned you.

RBSE Class 8 English Grammar Punctuation and Use of Capital Letters

Exercise – 2
(From the Text book)

Rewrite these sentences using punctuation marks and capital letters where required.
जहाँ पर आवश्यक हो वहाँ पर विराम चिह्नों व बड़े अक्षरों का प्रयोग करते हुए इन वाक्यों को पुनः लिखो।

  1. look how brave this little girl is
  2. the manager was a grave calm man
  3. how will you have it he said
  4. well that is but natural
  5. what does it look like sir
  6. where did you go this time holy man
  7. yes thats where the birds have their nests
  8. im off
  9. uncle has my curd-seller come and gone
  10. hes left a pot of curds for you
  11. lets go on strike
  12. we wont come outside
  13. the tailor said give me your dress material
  14. with lots of love from anju avaneesh and papa
  15. yes said she with a feeble smile

Answer:

  1. Look, how brave this little girl is!
  2. The manager was a grave, calm man.
  3. “How will you have it?” he said.
  4. Well, that is but natural.
  5. What does it look like, sir?
  6. Where did you go this time, Holy man?
  7. Yes, that’s where the birds have their nests.
  8. I’m off.
  9. Uncle, has my curd-seller come and gone?
  10. He’s left a pot of curds for you.
  11. Let’s go on strike.
  12. We won’t come outside.
  13. The tailor said, “Give me your dress material.”
  14. With lots of love from Anju, Avaneesh and Papa.
  15. “Yes”, said she, with a feeble smile.

RBSE Class 8 English Grammar Punctuation and Use of Capital Letters

Exercise – 3
(From the Text book)

Use Punctuation marks such as comma, question mark and sign of exclamation and the capital letters in the following sentences wherever required:
विराम चिह्नों यथा अल्पविराम, प्रश्नवाचक चिह्न तथा विस्मयादिबोधक चिह्न तथा बड़े वर्णो का जहाँ पर आवश्यक हो वहाँ पर निम्नलिखित वाक्यों में प्रयोग कीजिये:

  1. Which is the sun city of rajasthan.
  2. “Stop crying, sangeeta” said her mother.
  3. do you know how to swim rashmi?
  4. The Officer-in-Command, suspecting a hidden attack ordered an utmost alert on all sides.
  5. “Why are you alone here.” asked the officer.
  6. “yes”, said she, with a feeble smile, falling to the ground beside her child.
  7. Long, long ago, in a small village near khetri, lived a family with sixteen children.
  8. Where is your husband.
  9. Long live our motherland.
  10. Horrible! Just horrible
  11. In which countries are computers used.
  12. Hallu said “That’s a good idea.”
  13. “How should they be otherwise?” replied the rajasthani woman bravely.
  14. He thought, ‘Is this the wealth of Prime Minister Chanakya.
  15. Chanakya said “Food is ready, Sir.”
  16. Chanakya said, “O good bhikshu I will try to do something very soon.”
  17. Wake up, sangeeta! You will be late for school.
  18. She further asked, “Do you know how to swim roshni.”
  19. “Do you know?” asked siddhi in disbelief.
  20. “Are you the manager” I said.
  21. “You are one of the C.I.D. men, I presume” he said.
  22. what nonsense you are talking, the two of you!
  23. By whom was the first computer made, Sir
  24. “Look, how brave this little girl is” shouted they.
  25. “good morning”, I said.
  26. Are you a manager.
  27. ‘Wretch’ exclaimed the officer. [2017]
  28. What is your name.
  29. her mother said “Work hard geeta.
  30. are you a student.

RBSE Class 8 English Grammar Punctuation and Use of Capital Letters

Answer:

  1. Which is the sun city of Rajasthan?
  2. “Stop crying, Sangeeta”, said her mother.
  3. Do you know how to swim Rashmi?
  4. The Officer-in-Command, suspecting a hidden attack, ordered an utmost alert on all sides.
  5. “Why are you alone here?” asked the officer.
  6. “Yes”, said she, with a feeble smile, falling to the ground beside her child.
  7. Long, long ago, in a small village near Khetri, lived a family with sixteen children.
  8. Where is your husband?
  9. Long live our motherland !
  10. Horrible! Just Horrible.
  11. In which countries are computers used?
  12. Hallu said, “That’s a good idea.”
  13. “How should they be otherwise?” replied the Rajasthani woman bravely.
  14. He thought, ‘Is this the wealth of Prime Minister Chanakya?’
  15. Chanakya said, “Food is ready, Sir.’
  16. Chanakya said, “O good bhikshu! I will try to do something very soon.”
  17. Wake up, Sangeeta! You will be late for school.
  18. She further asked, “Do you know how to swim Roshni?”
  19. “Do you know?” asked Siddhi in disbelief.
  20. “Are you the manager?” I said.
  21. “You are one of the C.I.D. men, I presume,” he said.
  22. What nonsense you are talking, the two of you!
  23. By whom was the first computer made, Sir?
  24. “Look, how brave this little girl is!” shouted they.
  25. “Good morning”, I said.
  26. Are you a manager?
  27. “Wretch !” exclaimed the officer.
  28. What is your name?
  29. Her mother said, “Work hard Geeta.”
  30. Are you a student?

RBSE Class 8 English Grammar Punctuation and Use of Capital Letters

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