RBSE Class 8 English Grammar Conjunctions

RBSE Solutions for Class 8 English

Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 8 English Grammar Conjunctions

अंग्रेजी व्याकरण में Conjunctions को कई नामों से जाना जाता है, यथा-Connectives, Joining words अथवा Linking words, ये सभी एक ही अर्थ देते हैं- जोड़ने
वाले शब्द। अतः हम कह सकते हैं कि-
“Conjunctions वे शब्द होते हैं जो दो शब्दों अथवा दो वाक्यों को जोड़ते हैं।”
(A conjunction is a word that joins together sentences and sometimes words.) जैसे-
1. Anurag and Saurabh are brothers.
(दो शब्दों को जोड़ने का कार्य।)

2. They worked hard but failed.
(दो वाक्यों को जोड़ने का कार्य।)

RBSE Class 8 English Grammar Conjunctions

3. They knew very well that they would not catch the train.
(दो वाक्यों को जोड़ने का कार्य।)

यहाँ पर आपको पाठ्य पुस्तक में दी गई Exercises के आधार पर निम्नलिखित conjunctions दिये जा रहे हैं-

  1. either-or
  2. so-that
  3. so as to
  4. as soon as
  5. no sooner-than
  6. so that
  7. in order that
  8. as long as
  9. so long as

RBSE Class 8 English Grammar Conjunctions

Either-or

इसका प्रयोग ‘या तो-या’ के अर्थ में (दो या दो से अधिक) विकल्पों को जोड़ने के लिये किया जाता है। प्रथम विकल्प के पूर्व either तथा दूसरे विकल्प के पूर्व or का प्रयोग किया जाता है।
उदाहरण:
1. Subjects (कर्ताओं) को जोड़ना
John was sleeping on the bench. Ram was sleeping on the bench.
Either John or Ram was sleeping on the bench.
नोट – यादि either – or से विकल्प के रूप में दो कताओं को जोड़ा जाता है तो वाक्य में क्रिया का प्रयोग द्वितीय कर्ता अर्थात् or के बाद वाले subject के person a number के अनुसार किया जता है जैसे-
You are going to teach the boy. I am going to teach the boy.
Either you or I am going to teach the boy.

2. Objects (कमों) को जोड़ना
Mohan teaches John. He teaches Mary.
Mohan teaches either John or Mary.

3. Adjectives (विरोषणों) को जोड़ना
He is intelligent. He is diligent.
He is either intelligent or diligent.

4. Verbs (क्रियाओं) को जोड़ना
We can eat now. We can eat after the show.
We can either eat now or after the show.

RBSE Class 8 English Grammar Conjunctions

Exercise – 1

Join the following pairs of sentences using ‘either-or’.
either-or का प्रयोग करते हुए निम्नलिखित वाक्य युग्मों को जोड़िये।

  1. Your cries can stop him. Your tears can stop him.
  2. I drank orange juice there. I had a cup of tea.
  3. Jack can win. My brother can win.
  4. He will come today. He will come tomorrow.
  5. She will read a book. She will go to the cinema.
  6. I shall meet Hari. I shall meet his sister.
  7. They will go to Jaipur next week. They will go to Jaipur the week after.
  8. Pay the rent. Leave the house.
  9. Come in time. Don’t come at all.
  10. Give me this book. Give me that book.

Answer:

  1. Either your cries or your tears can stop him.
  2. I either drank orange juice there or had a cup of tea.
  3. Either Jack or my brother can win.
  4. He will come either today or tomorrow.
  5. She will either read a book or go to the cinema.
  6. I shall meet either Hari or his sister.
  7. They will go to Jaipur either next week or the week after.
  8. Either pay the rent or leave the house.
  9. Either come in time or don’t come at all.
  10. Give me either this book or that one.

RBSE Class 8 English Grammar Conjunctions

So that / in order that

So that = ताकि, In order that = ताकि
निम्नलिखित वाक्यों को ध्यानपूर्वक देखिये

(i) Finish this so that you can take another.
इसे समाप्त करो ताकि तुम दूसरा ले सको।

(ii) Show me your book so that I can see what you have done.
मुझे अपनी पुस्तक दिखाओ ताकि मैं यह जान सकूँ कि आपने क्या किया है।
उक्त दोनों ही वाक्य प्रथम वाक्य में किये जा रहे कार्य के कारण को दूसरे वाक्य में व्यक्त कर रहे हैं।

नोट – सामान्यतया so that तथा in order that के साथ can, will या may का प्रयोग किया जाता है।
कभी-कभी so that के स्थान पर in order that का प्रयोग भी किया जा सकता है।

  • Finish this in order that you can take another.
  • Show me your book in order that I can see what you have done.

RBSE Class 8 English Grammar Conjunctions

Exercise – 2

Rewrite the following sentences using ‘so that/ in order that’ and the modal auxiliary.
निम्नलिखित वाक्यों को ‘so that/in order that’ तथा modal auxiliary का प्रयोग करते हुए पुनः लिखिये।

  1. I am working hard at the moment to pass my exam.
  2. Rani bought a dictionary to know the meanings of difficult words.
  3. I waited for an hour to meet her.
  4. I do exercise regularly to have excellent health.
  5. My sister gives English lessons to earn some money.
  6. I call him to invite him.
  7. She is getting up early to catch the train.

Answer:

  1. I am working hard at the moment so that/in order that I may pass my exam.
  2. Rani bought a dictionary so that/in order that she might know the meanings of difficult words.
  3. I waited for an hour so that/in order that I might meet her.
  4. I do exercise regularly so that/in order that I may have excellent health.
  5. My sister gives English lessons so that/in order that she may earn some money.
  6. I call him so that/in order that I may invite him.
  7. She is getting up early so that/in order that she may catch the train.

RBSE Class 8 English Grammar Conjunctions

As long as / so long as

As long as तथा so long as का प्रयोग शर्त व्यक्त करने के लिए किया जाता है, जैसे-
(i) Stay here as long as you like.
यहीं रुको जब तक कि तुम्हें पसंद हो।

(ii) As long as you are in the class, you will have to work.
जब तक कि तुम कक्षा में हो तो तुम्हें काम करना होगा।

बगैर अर्थ में परिवर्तन किये इनके साथ so long as का प्रयोग किया जा सकता है, जैसे-

  • Stay here as long as you like.
  • So long as you are in the class, you will have to work.

नोट – so long as/as long as adverb of degree तथा condition हैं तथा इन्हें conjunction के रूप में प्रयुक्त किया जाता है।

RBSE Class 8 English Grammar Conjunctions

Exercise – 3

Join the following sentences using so long as/as long as:
so long as/as long as का प्रयोग करते हुए निम्नलिखित वाक्यों को जोड़िये।

  1. He will pay you. You work.
  2. Hari will do his lessons. You watch him.
  3. The students are quiet. The teacher is in the class.
  4. You can continue to play. There is light.
  5. You can study in the school. You pay your fees.

Answer:

  1. He will pay you as long as you work.
  2. Hari will do his lessons as long as you watch him.
  3. The students are quiet as long as the teacher is in the class.
  4. You can continue to play as long as there is light.
  5. You can study in the school so/as long as you pay your fees.

As soon as / No sooner – than

जब दो कार्य लगभग एक ही साथ आरम्भ हों तो as soon as या no sooner – than का प्रयोग किया जाता है, जैसे-
I reached the school. The bell rang.
As soon as I reached the school, the bell rang.
ज्योंही मैं स्कूल पहुँचा कि घण्टी बज गई।
या
No sooner did I reach the school than the bell rang.
No sooner – than का अर्थ है ज्योंही
पहले उपवाक्य के आरम्भ में No sooner का प्रयोग करते हैं। No sooner के बाद अधिकतर did का प्रयोग होता है और दूसरे उपवाक्य के प्रारम्भ में than का प्रयोग किया जाता है। than के बाद Past Indefinite का प्रयोग किया जाता है।

RBSE Class 8 English Grammar Conjunctions

Exercise – 4

Rewrite the following sentences using ‘no sooner – than’
निम्नलिखित वाक्यों को ‘no sooner – than’ का प्रयोग करते हुए पुनः लिखिये।

  1. As soon as they saw the bear, they ran away.
  2. As soon as the Brahmin repeated the charm, the treasure poured down.
  3. As soon as he entered the house, he took off his coat.
  4. As soon as the band began to play, we started singing.
  5. As soon as the hunter saw the tiger, he fired a shot at it.
  6. As soon as the school was over the boys rushed home.
  7. As soon as the bell rang, students entered the class.

Answer:

  1. No sooner did they see the bear than they ran away.
  2. No sooner did the Brahmin repeat the charm than the treasure poured down.
  3. No sooner did he enter the house than he took off his coat.
  4. No sooner did the band begin to play than we started to sing.
  5. No sooner did the hunter see the tiger than he fired a shot at it.
  6. No sooner did the school was over than the boys rushed home.
  7. No sooner did the bell ring than the students entered the class.

so as to

He worked hard. He may get first position.
– He worked hard so as to get good marks.
उसने कठोर परिश्रम किया ताकि अच्छे अंक प्राप्त कर सके।

so as to का प्रयोग ‘ताकि’ के अर्थ के वर्णित कार्य के द्वारा वांछित लक्ष्य प्राप्ति के लिए किया जाता है।
He ran fast so as to catch the train.

RBSE Class 8 English Grammar Conjunctions

Exercise – 5

Join the following sentences using ‘so as to’.
‘so as to’ का प्रयोग करते हुए निम्नलिखित वाक्यों को संयोजित करो।

  1. Ram got up early. He could go for a morning walk.
  2. They play well. They can win the match.
  3. I am practising football. I may play it well.
  4. Rajendra has bought a computer. He may learn to operate it.
  5. He sits silently. He can listen to his teacher.

Answer:

  1. Ram got up early so as to go for a morning walk.
  2. They play well so as to win the match.
  3. I am practising football so as to play it well.
  4. Rajendra has bought a computer so as to learn to operate it.
  5. He sits silently so as to listen to his teacher.

RBSE Class 8 English Grammar Conjunctions

Exercise – 6

Join the following sentences using the conjunctions given in the brackets.
कोष्ठक में दिये गए conjunctions का प्रयोग करते हुए निम्नलिखित वाक्यों को संयोजित करो।

  1. The book was very difficult. She couldn’t read [so …… that]
  2. He covered his face not to be caught. [so that]
  3. He stole my purse. She stole my purse. [either …… or]
  4. Your brother is late. Your brother doesn’t want to come. [either ……. or]
  5. As soon as I opened the cage, the parrot flew away. [no sooner ……. than]
  6. He laughed loudly: Everyone turned round to look at him. [so ….. that]
  7. As soon as it got dark, I switched on the light. [no sooner …., than]
  8. The teacher takes attendance. He may know about the presence of the students. [so as to]
  9. We help others. Others also help us. [as long as]
  10. He pushed hard. The door collapsed. [so…… that]

Answer:

  1. The book was so difficult that she couldn’t read it.
  2. He covered his face so that he could not be caught
  3. Either he or she stole my purse.
  4. Your brother is either late or doesn’t want to come.
  5. No sooner did I open the cage than the parrot flew away.
  6. He laughed so loudly that everyone turned round to look at him.
  7. No sooner did it get dark than I switched on the light.
  8. The teacher takes attendance so as to know about the presence of the students.
  9. As long as we help others, others also help us.
  10. He pushed so hard that the door collapsed.

RBSE Class 8 English Grammar Conjunctions

Exercise – 7
(From the Text Book)

Fill in the blanks by choosing correct alterative from the bracket.
कोष्ठक में दिए गए विकल्पों में से सही विकल्प चुनते हुए रिक्त स्थानों की पूर्ति कीजिए।

  1. You should wear a helmet ………….. you may avoid an accident. [so that/as soon as]
  2. ……… I saw the red light at the crossroads, I stopped my scooter. [As soon as / As long as]
  3. …….. it grew dark, the gates of city were closed for the night. [As soon as/ No sooner]
  4. ………….. did the tiger rush at me than I fired. [No sooner/ As soon as]
  5. We opened the gate ……… enter the school. [so as to/ as soon as]
  6. ………did Raju realized his mistake than he sat about correcting it. [No sooner/ As soon as]
  7. She worked hard ………… get good result. [so as to/ so that]
  8. Raju worked very hard ……….. he may become rich soon, [so that/ so as to]
  9. ………. Ram asked Hanuman to seek Sita, he set out immediately. [As soon as / No sooner]
  10. Jaya has been working hard ……….. she may get better marks than earlier, [so that / either]
  11. ……….. you are earning, this selfish world helps you. [So long as/ As soon.as]
  12. Jyoti drove fast ……….. she can reach home in time. [so that/as long as]
  13. …………did Krishna see Sudama than he hugged him and began to weep. [No sooner/ As soon as]
  14. Kamal ran fast ………… he may catch the thief. [so that/ so]
  15. ……….. you or he will be selected for the championship. [Either/Neither]
  16. The hill is ………… steep that small children cannot climb it. [so/as]
  17. ………….. you are honest, nobody can harm you. [So long as/ As soon as]
  18. You can go ……….. by bus or by train. [either/ or]
  19. ………… we cooperated others, others cooperate us. [As long as/ As soon as]
  20. It rained …………. heavily that all the rivers and brooks were in flood. [so/ as]
  21. ………… did Mohan see the red light at die cross roads, he stopped his car. [No sooner/ No withstanding]
  22. You must keep to the left while driving ………… you may avoid an accident, [so that/ because]

Answer:

  1. so that
  2. As soon as
  3. As soon as
  4. No sooner
  5. so as to
  6. No sooner
  7. so as to
  8. so that
  9. As soon as
  10. so that
  11. so long as
  12. so that
  13. No sooner
  14. so that
  15. Either
  16. so
  17. so long as
  18. either
  19. As long as
  20. so
  21. No sooner
  22. so that.

RBSE Class 8 English Grammar Conjunctions

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