RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Tenses (Correct Forms of the Verbs)

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English

Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Tenses (Correct Forms of the Verbs)

Tense अंग्रेजी व्याकरण का एक महत्त्वपूर्ण topic है।
यह एक वाक्य में  Verb की form को डंगीत करता है Tense तीन प्रकार के होते हैं तथा इनके चार-चार उपप्रकार होते हैं
1. Present Tense :

  • Simple Present
  • Present Continuous/Progressive
  • Present Perfect
  • Present Perfect Continuous/Progressive

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Tenses (Correct Forms of the Verbs)

2. Past Tense :

  • Simple Past
  • Past Continuous/Progressive
  • Past Perfect
  • Past Perfect Continuous/Progressive

3. Future Tense :

  • Simple Future
  • Future Continuous/Progressive
  • Future Perfect
  • Future Perfect Continuous/Progressive

[नोट – आपकी पाठ्यपुस्तक में केवल Simple Past Tense पर ही प्रश्न पूछे गये हैं। अतः यहाँ भी इसे ही detail में समझाया जा रहा है।]

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Tenses (Correct Forms of the Verbs)

Simple Past Tense
Or
Past Indefinite Tense

इस Tense में कार्य के भूतकाल में किसी समय पूर्ण होने या न होने की सूचना दी जाती है किन्तु इस कार्य के पूर्ण होने या न होने का वर्तमान में कोई प्रभाव नहीं होता है। ऐसे वाक्य Simple Past में होते हैं। इनमें Verb की II Form का प्रयोग होता है। जैसे-You went to Jaipur last year.

वाक्य बनाने के नियम :
1. साधारण वाक्य:
नियम – (i) केवल साधारण वाक्य में ही Verb की second form का प्रयोग करें।
(ii) यदि verb ‘स्थिति’ (state) बताए तो was/were का प्रयोग करें तथा verb “स्वामित्व’ (possession) बताए तो had का प्रयोग verb के रूप में करें।

वाक्य बनाने का तरीका:
S + V-II +/O+/C+/A
(i) विद्यार्थियों ने पौधों में पानी दिया।
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RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Tenses (Correct Forms of the Verbs)

2. नकारात्मक वाक्य:
S + did + not + V-I + /O + /C + /A
(i) हम वहाँ नहीं गए।
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3. प्रश्नात्मक वाक्य:
(i) Did + S + V-I + /O +/C + /A?
(ii) Wh’ + did + S + V-I + 10 + /C + IA?
(i) क्या आप वहाँ खेले?
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4. नकारात्मक-प्रश्नात्मक वाक्य:
(i) Did+S+not + V-I + /O + /C +/A?
(ii) Wh’ + did + S + not + V-I + /O + /C + /A?
(i) क्या तुम वहाँ नहीं गईं?
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RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Tenses (Correct Forms of the Verbs)

Usages : प्रयोग
(i) With past actions when the time of an action is mentioned or implied.
ऐसे past actions के साथ जिसमें कार्य का समय या तो बताया गया है या निहित है।
नोट : ago, yesterday, last, previous आदि adverbs का use हो सकता है।
1. गाँधीजी ने काफी वर्ष पहले प्रार्थना पर प्रवचन दिया।
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(ii) In “improbable conditional sentences”:
असम्भाव्यता-शर्त वाले वाक्यों में:
1. यदि तुम परिश्रम करते तो तुम सफल हो जाते।
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RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Tenses (Correct Forms of the Verbs)

FORMS OF VERBS
(With Golden Rules)

Verb के तीन रूप (Three Forms) होते हैं
I Form = Present Tense; II Form = Past Tense; III Form = Past Participle
Past Participle का प्रयोग-
(i) has, have, had के साथ होता है।
(ii) Passive Voice में होता है।
विद्यार्थियों को प्रायः verb की Forms याद करने में कठिनाई होती है और उन्हें ये याद नहीं होती हैं। अतः लेखक ने इनके कुछ Golden Rules बनाए हैं, जिनसे सुविधा होगी।

Rule – 1 : जिस verb के बीच में -i हो तो प्रायः
(i) II Form में -1 के स्थान पर -a लगा दो; तथा
(ii) III Form में -i के स्थान पर -u लगा दो, जैसे-
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Rule – 2 : जिस verb के अन्त में -ind हो तो प्रायः
(i) अन्दर -i को हटा दो, और
(ii) -i के स्थान पर ही -ou लगा दो, जैसे-
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RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Tenses (Correct Forms of the Verbs)

Rule – 3 : जिस verb के-
(i) बीच में ee हो, तथा (ii) अन्त में -p हो अथवा -i हो तो II व III Form बनाने के लिए प्रायः
(i) अन्दर से एक -e हटा दो, तथा
(ii) अन्त में -t लगा दो, जैसे-
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Rule – 4 : जिस verb के बीच में यदि-(i) -ee हो और (ii) अन्त में -d हो तो प्रायः
(i) अन्दर से एक -e हटा दो, तथा
(ii) -d को वहीं रहने दो, जैसे-
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Rule – 5 : जिस verb के अंन्त में -d हो तो प्रायः -d को हटा कर -t लगा देने से II व III Form बन जाती है, जैसे-
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Rule – 6 : जिस verb के अन्त में -ow हो तो प्रायः
(i) II Form बनाने के लिए -o को हटा कर -e लगा दो,
(ii) III Form बनाने के लिए verb के अन्त में केवल -n और लगा दो। ध्यान दो, अन्दर -o लगा रहेगा। जैसे-
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RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Tenses (Correct Forms of the Verbs)

Rule – 7 : यदि किसी verb के अन्त में consonant + y हो, तो प्रायः -y को हटा दो और -ied लगा दो, जैसे-
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Rule – 8 : यदि किसी verb के अन्त में vowel + y हो, तो प्रायः -y को हटा -ed और जोड़ दो।
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RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Tenses (Correct Forms of the Verbs)

Rule – 9 : जिस verb के अंन्त में -e हो तो प्रायः -d को देने से II व III Form बन जाती है, जैसे-
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RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Tenses (Correct Forms of the Verbs) - 15

Rule – 10 : कुछ verb के अन्त में -ed जोड़ देने से II a III Forms बन जाती है, जैसे-
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RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Tenses (Correct Forms of the Verbs) - 17.

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Tenses (Correct Forms of the Verbs)

Rule – 11 : यदि किसी verb के अन्त में एक vowel तथा एक consonant हो तो-
(i) consonant को double of कर दो तथा
(ii) -ed और जोड़ दो।
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कुछ अन्य Verbs

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RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Tenses (Correct Forms of the Verbs)

ऐसे जिनकी तीनों सामान रहती है (आंशिक सूची)
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Exercise – 1
(Based on English Reader)

Fill in the blanks changing the given verbs to the Simple Past Tense form
दी गई क्रियाओं को Simple Past Tense form में बदलकर निम्न रिक्त स्थान भरें

  1. Amrita Devi ……………… busy doing her household duty. (be)
  2. The incident …………….. a sensation in the community. (creat)
  3. This morning my daughter …………….. her desire to go to school. (express)
  4. ……………… him back. (pay)
  5. Independent India …………….. a grave situation as far as conservation of flora and fauna is concerned. (witness)
  6. One day the ministers ……………. to the king with a request. (come)
  7. The ministers and the judges ………. the king for his wise decision. (appreciate)
  8. Hadi Rani ……….. him to comply with his duty towards his motherland. (persuade)
  9. Next day they …………….. Piyush to school. (send)
  10. Sushruta ……………… a nose some 26 centuries ago. (repair)

Answer:

  1. was
  2. created
  3. expressed
  4. paid
  5. witnessed
  6. came
  7. appreciated
  8. persuaded
  9. sent
  10. repaired

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Tenses (Correct Forms of the Verbs)

Exercise – 2
(Based on English Reader)

Fill in the blanks with the Simple Past Tense forms,
निम्न रिक्त स्थानों को Simple Past Tense form से भरें

Abhay ……………. (be) upset. It was more than he ……………… (expect). It was a dirty thing which he never ……………… (want) to do. As the days passed by, he ……………… (study) their diet, their habits and he ……………… (begin) to think up ways to feed them. He also ……………… (try) to trick them out of his room but it never ……….. (work). Gradually, he ………….. (get) used to live among rats. He …….. (like) playing with them. He now much ……………… (prefer) living with his rats.
Answer:

  1. was
  2. expected
  3. wanted
  4. studied
  5. began
  6. tried
  7. worked
  8. got
  9. liked
  10. preferred

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Tenses (Correct Forms of the Verbs)

Exercise – 3
(Based on English Reader)

Fill in the blanks with the Simple Past Tense forms
निम्न रिक्त स्थानों को Simple Past Tense form से भरें

When Piyush …………. (turn) six, Mr. Panwar ……..(decide) to send him to school. Mrs. Panwar …………. (be) much worried at her husband’s decision. She ………… (ask) her husband how their son would manage to go and carry on with various school activities. Next day they …………… (reach) the school. They…………. (meet) the Headmaster. Mr. Panwar …………. (tell) him that his son …………… (have) mobility problem. Mrs. Panwar ………….. (inquire) about her son’s emotional adjustment in the school. The Headmaster ……….. (provide) the detailed information.
Answer:

  1. turned
  2. decided
  3. was
  4. asked
  5. reached
  6. met
  7. told
  8. had
  9. inquired
  10. provided

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Tenses (Correct Forms of the Verbs)

Exercise – 4
(Based on English Reader)

Fill in the blanks with the Simple Past Tense form of the verbs in the brackets
कोष्ठकों में दी गई क्रियाओं को Simple Past Tense form में निम्न रिक्त स्थान भरें

  1. It …………….. (be) a warm and sunny morning day of September 1737.
  2. But she …………….. (not know) how to stop them.
  3. The woodcutters ………….. (have) to stop.
  4. The king …………. (issue) a Royal decree.
  5. They ……………. (want) to ask Abhay what was going on.
  6. He ………….. (empty) his savings from his piggy bank.
  7. At that time 16 villages ………….. (exist) within the reserve.
  8. Slowly his efforts …………… (start) to bear fruits.
  9. The people ……………. (take) the seeds and went back home.
  10. The king ……………. (see) the name tag and called for the man.

Answer:

  1. was
  2. did not know
  3. had
  4. issued
  5. wanted
  6. emptied
  7. existed
  8. started
  9. took
  10. saw

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Tenses (Correct Forms of the Verbs)

Exercise – 5
(Based on English Reader)

Fill in the blanks with the Simple Past Tense form of the verbs in the brackets
कोष्ठकों में दी गई क्रियाओं को Simple Past Tense form में निम्न रिक्त स्थान भरें

  1. She ………….. up and addressed the people. (stand)
  2. Anjali ………….. me last week. (visit)
  3. We ………….. to all the historical places in Hadoti region. (go)
  4. He …………… a man to his wife to give a memento. (send)
  5. However, Piyush never …………… this as a drawback. (feel)
  6. Piyush ………. mobility problem. (has)
  7. He …………. gently and softly. (speak)
  8. The teacher ……………. the students a cute smile. (give)
  9. The class …………… the attention of the teacher. (draw)
  10. The players ……….. their cars carefully. (drive)

Answer:

  1. stood
  2. visited
  3. went
  4. sent
  5. felt
  6. had
  7. spoke
  8. gave
  9. drew
  10. drove

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Tenses (Correct Forms of the Verbs)

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