RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Indirect Speech

RBSE Solutions for Class 7 English

Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Indirect Speech

जब हम किसी के द्वारा कही गई बात को अन्य किसी से कहते हैं तो इसे दो प्रकार से कह सकते हैं।

1. Direct Speech – जब वक्ता के कथन को उसी के शब्दों में व्यक्त किया जाता है तो इस प्रकार के कथन को Direct Speech कहते हैं। जैसे-
Sita said, “I shall not go to market today.” उपर्युक्त वाक्य में Sita (वक्ता) के शब्दों को ही दोहराया गया है, अतः यह Direct Speech अथवा Direct Narration है।
Direct Speech के भाग – Direct Speech के दो भाग होते हैं-
A. Reporting Verb.
B. Reported Clause/Actual Words of the Speaker

A. Reporting Verb – यह भाग सदैव inverted commas के बाहर का भाग होता है। इस भाग का भी महत्त्व है और इस भाग से बात के कहने वाले तथा सुनने वाले का पता चलता है।

Reporting Verb (बाहर के भाग) की क्रिया आवश्यकतानुसार परिवर्तित होती रहती है। प्रमुख Reporting Verbs ये हैं-said, told, asked आदि।

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Indirect Speech

B. Reported Clause – वाक्य का वह भाग है जिसमें वक्ता के शब्दों में कही हुई बात होती है। यह भाग सदा inverted commas में होता है और इसका पहला अक्षर Capital letter से लिखा जाता है। जैसे- Sita said to me, “I cannot cook food today.”

2. Indirect Speech – जब वक्ता के मूल शब्दों को अपने शब्दों में कहा जाए तो इसे Indirect Speech कहते हैं। जैसे-
Sita told me that she could not cook food that day.

Rules of Changing the Direct Speech into Indirect Speech

A. Reporting Verb-
1. Reporting Verb (अर्थात् inverted commas के बाहर का भाग) का Tense कभी भी नहीं बदला जाता है।

2. साधारण वाक्य में Reporting Verb में यदि Object है तो said (अथवा say आदि) के स्थान पर आवश्यकतानुसार tell, told रखा जाता है और to को हटा दिया जाता है। जैसे-
He said to me …………. (Direct) He told me ……….. (Indirect)
यदि Reporting Verb में Object नहीं है तो told नहीं कर सकते, said ही रखना पड़ता है। जैसे-
She said………. (Direct)
She said……… (Indirect)

3. comma व inverted commas हटा दिए जाते हैं और आवश्यकतानुसार उसी स्थान पर Connective रख दिया जाता है। साधारण वाक्यों में Connective – that आता है।

Note : Reporting Verb (अर्थात् बाहर के भाग में) में Tense व Pronoun कभी नहीं बदलते हैं।

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Indirect Speech

B. Reported Clause-
Reported Clause के अंदर ही मुख्य परिवर्तन होते हैं। Reported Clause में 3 (तीन) मुख्य परिवर्तन होते हैं-
I. Pronoun संबंधी परिवर्तन;
II. Verb संबंधी परिवर्तन;
III. समय व दूरी संबंधी परिवर्तन।

I. Pronoun संबंधी परिवर्तन;

Forms of Pronoun
RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Indirect Speech

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Indirect Speech

Rule : 1
Reported Clause (inverted commas के अन्दर का भाग) के First Person के Pronoun (I तथा We तथा इनके रूप को) को Reporting Verb (बाहर का भाग) के Subject के अनुसार बदलो। जैसे-
1. Direct : He says to you, “My brother is playing football”.
Indirect : He tells you that his brother is playing football.

2. Direct : They say to me, “We were cooking food.”
Indirect : They tell me that they were cooking food.

Rule : 2
Reported Clause a Second Person (You तथा इनके रूप) को Reporting Verb के Object के अनुसार बदलो। जैसे-
1. Direct : I say to him, “She came to you.”
Indirect : I tell him that she came to him.

2. Direct : You say to Sita, “I gave a book to your mother.”
Indirect : You tell Sita that you gave a book to her mother.

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Indirect Speech

Rule : 3
Reported Clause Is Third Person (he, she, they, it व इनके रूप) में कोई Change नहीं होते हैं, अर्थात् वे यथावत् रहते हैं। जैसे-
1. Direct : You say to me, “He went to his house.”
Indirect : You tell me that he went to his house.

2. Direct : Vimla says, “They beat her son.”
Indirect : Vimla says that they beat her son.

II. Verb (Tense) संबंधी परिवर्तन;
RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Indirect Speech

III. समय व दुरी संबधि परिवर्तन

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Indirect Speech

Interrogative Sentences
Interrogative Sentences दो प्रकार के हो सकते हैं-
I. Yes/No Type : the area faneit Helping Verb (ita-is, are, am, was, were, can, will, has, have….. आदि)  से आरम्भ होते हैं।

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Indirect Speech

II. Wh – Type : ऐसे वाक्य Wh – शब्द से आरम्भ होते हैं।
इन वाज्यों में परिवर्तन निम्न प्रकार होता है
‘A Part’
Rule – 1 :
बाहर ‘said’ के स्थान पर asked कर दो।
asked के बाद ‘to’ नहीं आता है।

Rule – 2 : यदि प्रश्न Yes/No Type हो अर्थात् यदि अन्दर वाक्य किसी H.V. से आरम्भ हो तो connective if अथवा whether आयेगा किन्तु spelling की कठिनाई के कारण if का ही प्रयोग करो।

Rule – 3 :
यदि प्रश्न-Wh – (जैसे -who, when. where, why, what….. आदि) से आरम्भ हो तो कोई भी connective नहीं आयोगा।

‘B Part’
Rule – 4 : सबसे पहले अन्दर Pronoun change करो, यदि होता हो तो।।

Rule – 5 : उस Pronoun के पहले जो Helping Verb है, उसे Change करके उसी शब्द के बाद रख दो।

‘C Part’
Rule – 6 : यदि अन्दर प्रश्न Do से आरम्भ हो तो Do हटा दो और Verb की II Form लगाओ।

Rule – 7 : यदि अन्दर प्रश्न Do ….. not से आरम्भ हो तो not नहीं हटेगः किन्तु जिस शब्द के पहले Do है, उसी शब्द के बाद Tense के अनुसार did not हो जायेगा।

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Indirect Speech

D Part
Rule – 8 : किसी भी प्रकार का प्रश्नवाचक वाक्य (चाहे Wh- वाला, चाहे Yes/No वाला) हो, Ans. के अन्त में प्रश्नवाचक चिह्न (?) नहीं लगेगा, Full-stop लगेगा।

Examples :
Yes/No Type
1. Direct : He said to me, “Is your father a doctor?”
Indirect : He asked me if my father was a doctor.

2. Direct : She said to Hari, “Will you help me ”
Indirect : She asked Hari if he would help her.

Wh- Type

3. Direct : Rekha said to her brother, “Where are you going?”
Indirect : Rekha asked her brother where he was going.

‘Do’ अथवा ‘Do….. not  से आरम्भ होने वाला वाक्य

4. Direct : Babli said to Hari, “Do you go to school daily?”
Indirect : Babli asked Hari if he went to school daily.

5. Direct : Vimla said to her son, “Do you not play football in the evening”?
Indirect : Vimla asked her son if he did not play football in the evening”?

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Indirect Speech

Exercise – 1
(Based on English Reader)

Change the following sentences into indirect speech

  1. Amrita Devi said, “We worship these trees.”
  2. Janki Lal said, “I cannot do that.”
  3. Gauri said to him, “I do not know how to manage this.”
  4. The teacher said, “We pollute our environment by different kinds of waste.”
  5. Dashrath said to Kartik, “I open the canteen at 8 o’clock.”
  6. Abhay said, “This is my doorway to the world.”
  7. The parents said, “Now he uses computers to find new things.”
  8. She said, “Ranthambore has become a tourist place.”
  9. They said, “The King Mahendra did not have a child.”
  10. Malini said to Anjali, “I am waiting for you- these days.”

Answer:

  1. Amrita Devi said that they worshipped those trees.
  2. Janki Lal said that he could not do that.
  3. Gauri told him that she did not know how to manage that.
  4. The teacher said that they polluted their environment by different kinds of waste.
  5. Dashrath told Kartik that he opened the canteen at 8 o’clock.
  6. Abhay said that that was his doorway to the world.
  7. The parents said that then he used computers to find new things.
  8. She said that Ranthambore had become a tourist place.
  9. They said that the King Mahendra had not had a child.
  10. Malini told Anjali that she was waiting for her those days.

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Indirect Speech

Exercise – 2
(Based on English Reader)

Change the following sentences into indirect speech

  1. Sugan said to the Masterji, “Are you there?”
  2. Sugan said to Janki Lal, “What is the worry?”
  3. Mr. Sharma said to Janki Lal, “How can I help you?”
  4. Kartik said to Dashrath, “Do you not have some light tiffin too?”
  5. He said to him, “Does it include curds?”
  6. The ministers asked, “Is there going to be any competition?”
  7. Mohini said to Malini, “Are you reaching Kota tomorrow?”
  8. Mr. Panwar said to the Headmaster, “Can differently abled students get admission here?”
  9. Dr. Garasia said to Ramesh, “What do you want to ask?”
  10. The anchor said to Mumal, “What has she done so far?”

Answer:

  1. Sugan asked the Masterji if he was there.
  2. Sugan asked Janki Lal what the worry was.
  3. Mr. Sharma asked Janki Lal bow he could help him.
  4. Kartik asked Dashrath if he did not have some light tiffin too.
  5. He asked him if it included curds.
  6. The ministers asked if there was going to be any competition.
  7. Mohini asked Malini if she was reaching Kota the next day.
  8. Mr. Panwar asked the Headmaster if differently abled students could get admission there.
  9. Dr. Garasia asked Ramesh what he wanted to ask.
  10. The anchor asked Mumal what she had done so far.

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Indirect Speech

Exercise – 3

Change the following sentences into Indirect Speech

  1. The woodcutter said, “I have found a gold box.”
  2. Vijay Singh said to the villagers, “The giant was very weak.”
  3. The serpent said to the dove, “Do you want to save your children?”
  4. The Principal said to me, “Did you attend the school yesterday?”
  5. The stranger said to me, “What is your name?”
  6. The policeman said, “Children, don’t play on the road.”
  7. I said to Sita, “Am I late?”
  8. He said to me, “Are you going to Jaipur?”
  9. The teacher said to the students, “ Are the cows running?”
  10. She said to him, “Will you go to school?”
  11. He said, “Can I sleep?”

Answer:

  1. The woodcutter said that he had found a gold box.
  2. Vijay Singh told the villagers that the giant had been very weak.
  3. The serpent asked the dove if she wanted to save her children.
  4. The Principal asked me if I had attended the school the previous day.
  5. The stranger asked me what my name was.
  6. The policeman forbade the children to play on the road.
  7. I asked Sita if I was late.
  8. He asked me if I was going to Jaipur.
  9. The teacher asked the students if the cows were running.
  10. She asked him if he would go to school.
  11. He asked if he could sleep.

RBSE Class 7 English Grammar Indirect Speech

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