Go through these RBSE Class 11 Political Science Notes Chapter 3 Relation of Political Science with other Social Sciences contain important concepts so that students can score better marks in the exam.
Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 11 Political Science Notes Chapter 3 Relation of Political Science with other Social Sciences
→ Various subjects have been developed for systematic study of various aspects of human life.
→ Different subjects of social science are considered to be interrelated since ancient times.
→ Natural sciences and social sciences are closely related to each other.
→ Famous scholar Garner has established the close relationship of political science with other social sciences.
→ The readiness to accept the conclusions of other branches of social science is the greatest virtue of Political Science.
Relation of Political Science with other Social Sciences
Political Science and Sociology
- Political Science and Sociology are closely inter-related.
- Political Science and Sociology are dependent on each other because state is a social-political institution.
- Though there is inter-dependence between Political Science and Sociology, still a profound study reflects the differences between them.
- Scope of Sociology is wider, whereas scope of Political Science is narrow.
- Sociology is more ancient than Political Science.
- Sociology is an explanatory science, whereas Political Science is an ideological science.
- Sociology has provided much help to Political Science It can be termed as a basis of Political Science like all other social sciences.
- Political Science provides help to study Sociology. Sociology can study the political aspect of social life effectively only on the basis of facts provided by Political Science.
- A new branch of knowledge has emerged through inter-dependence of Political Science and Sociology which is known as Political Sociology.
Political Science and History
- Political Science and history are inter-dependent.
- History is such a collection of past political happenings and facts which helps Political Science to frame its principles and ideals.
- History is considered to be the laboratory and guide of Political Science.
- Political Science provides a point of view and opinion to history and makes its study concise and relevant.
- Political philosophy and its approaches and values make history.
- Though Political Science and history are dependent on each other, still there are some basic differences between them.
- History uses a descriptive method, whereas Political Science uses observational and philosophical methods.
- Political Science studies political life of a man and political organisations. History studies the whole life of a man and all the human organisations.
Political Science and Economics
- There is a close relationship between Political Science and Economics. Both are complementary and helpful to each other.
- Economics activities have an important role in the origin and development of the state.
- The main reason of the world’s famous political revolutions and wars had been economic resentment.
- Policies of the state determine the economic set up of the society.
- Communism, Socialism, Capitalism and public finance etc. are the topics which are studied under both, Political Science and Economics.
- There is also a lot of difference between Political Science and Economics. Political Science is related to political life of a man, whereas Economics is related to economic life.
- Political Science is an idealistic science, whereas Economics is a narrative science.
Political Science and Ethics
- Justification of political activities is done on the basic of concepts of ethics.
- Ethics is related to good or bad behaviour and values of man.
- Ancient Indian thinkers had accepted the close relationship of Political Science with virtue and religion.
- Though the state has indefinite and legal sovereignty, yet it cannot execute those laws which are devoid of ethics.
- Ethics works as a teacher and guide of the state.
- Political Science creates those practical circumstances where society can lead a moral life.
- The state executes moral values.
- There is a lot of difference between Political Science and Ethics. Political Science is descriptive and practical, whereas ethics is ideological and theoretical.
- Political Science studies the political aspect of human life, whereas ethics studies the moral aspect of human life.
Political Science and Psychology
- Psychology studies the activities of the mind of a man and his external behaviour.
- Psychology is the basis of Political Science. It provides a basis to understand the state and its institutions.
- Use of psychology is increasing in Political Science since past few years.
- Political Science provides study material for psychology. Psychology takes help of Political Science to collect the data and facts related to political behaviour of man.
- There are some differences between Political Science and Psychology in spite of their close relationship.
- Political Science is related only to political activities of a man, whereas Psychology is related to all the activities of human mind.
- Psychology is a realistic and practical science, whereas Political Science is realistic and idealistic also.
Political Science and Philosophy
- Philosophy is a subject related to life and nature of the world and man.
- There are many similarities between Political Science and philosophy. Both subjects are making efforts to study the basis and nature of their subject matter.
- Study method of Philosophy is philosophical. Study method of Political Science is also experiential, scientific and philosophical.
- There seems to be some difference between Political Science and Philosophy in spite of their close relationship.
- Subject matter of Political Science is mainly political life of man and political world, whereas philosophy studies whole of the world and regulatory elements of the universe.
- Political Science is related to the realist, concrete and visible, whereas philosophy is related to formless, abstract and invisible.
Political Science and Geography
- Geography is related to the earth, minerals, atmosphere, nature and flora and fauna, etc.
- Geographical features and circumstances affect a country’s politics and history.
- It is necessary to have complete knowledge of Geography of a country to comprehend the political problems and life of the society, and of that country.
- Geography affects the home policy as well as foreign policy of any country.
- A lot of differences can be seen between Geography and Political Science in spite of their inter-relationship.
- Political Science is a social science. Its study-matter is state and its institutions, whereas Geography is a natural science. Earth, climate and flora and fauna, etc. are its subject matters.
- Geography is related to concrete facts, whereas Political Science presents facts as well as ideals.
Political Science and Calculation Science
- Political Science and Calculation Science are also closely related. Facts obtained by Political Science are presented through calculations.
- The results of the laws which are made by the government, the policy which is followed and the works which are done, all this is calculated with the help of calculation science.
- The governments of various countries of the world give much importance to Calculation Science.
- Calculations related to marriage, divorce, birth, death etc. are helpful to determine the policy of the government.
Relation of Political Science with other Social Sciences Notes Important Terms
→ Geology: This is the earth science that provides the basis to the study related to physical geography.
→ Sociology: Sociology is that general and basic social science which studies the fundamental elements of social life of man.
→ History: According to Gettle, “History is record of happenings and development, reasons and inter-personal relations of the past.”
→ Economics: Economics is a subject that studies money and property, which studies production, consumption, distribution of property and exchange.
→ French Revolution: State revolution by French people in 1789 against French Monarch, Louis XVI.
→ Communist Revolution: Russian revolution in 1917 which took place against unable, corrupt and autocratic rule of then ruler of Russia Czar Alexander II.
→ Soviet Union: Socialist Soviet Union was formed after the socialist revolution of 1917. It was a union of 15 republics. They were divided on 25 Dec. 1991. All those republics presently exist as independent nations.
→ Fascist Dictatorship: This was prevailing in Italy. This is related to Fascism. Mussolini started it as a message and programme to influence the people of Italy. This ideology was against democracy and it believed in Aristocracy.
→ Nazi Dictatorship: This was prevailing in Germany. Nazi dictatorship wanted expansion of its territory. This was started in Germany under the leadership of Adolf Hitler.
→ First World War: World War I was fought from 1914 to 1918. In this war, on one side were the Axis powers and on the other side were the Allied powers.
Axis Nations included Germany, Hungary, Austria, Turkey and Bulgaria. The war ended with the victory of Allied powers on 11th Nov. 1918.
→ Second World War: World War II was fought between 1939 to 1945. On one side were the Axis Powers-Germany, Italy, Japan, Finland, Romania and Hungary and on the other side were Allied Powers-Britain, France, USA, China, Poland and their colonies. The war ended with the victory of Allied powers on 13 August 1945.
→ Communism: This is a principle of those social reformers who imagined a society in which personal property will be eliminated and property and other facilities would be used collectively by the society as per their needs.
→ Socialism: Socialism is the most important concept of modern world. Socialism is that thinking which is related to the welfare of society.
→ Capitalism: Capitalism is that economic system in which factories and farms are owned by private owners and they use the so earned profits money for their own use.
→ Ethics: Subject that studies rules of moral conduct and behaviour.
→ Liberty: Liberty means creating that environment in which humans get full opportunities for all-round development.
→ Sovereignty: Sovereignty is the supreme power of a state.
→ Psychology: Science that studies the activities of human mind and their external behaviour. This science studies the behaviour of man under various mental stimuli.
→ Philosophy: This subject studies those principles which are propounded in relation of universe, life and the world.
→ Dualism: An ideology under philosophy. The propounder of Dualism, related to Indian Philosophy was Madhavacharya.
→ Philosophical Method: A special method to study Philosophy and Political Science is called Philosophical method.
→ Experiential Scientific Method: A major method of study of Political Science. Comparative, observational and scientific methods, etc. are used under it.
→ GeoPolitics: Subject that explains the political effects of geography.
→ Garner: Famous Political thinker. He said that Political Science begins and ends with the state.
→ Catlin: A Political thinker. He accepted political science and sociology to be inseparable parts of each other.
→ Gurmukh Nihal Singh: Famous political thinker.
→ Marx: A Revolutionary and the propounder of scientific socialism.
→ Laski: The propounder of Pluralistic policy of sovereignty. Name of his book is ‘A Grammar of Politics’.
→ Hobbes: Famous political philosopher of England.
→ Machiavelli: Famous philosopher of Italy. His book is entitled ‘The Prince’.
→ Aristotle: Disciple of Plato and the teacher of Alexander.
→ Plato: Disciple of famous philosopher Socrates.
→ Rousseau: Founder of Social contract theory, his famous book was – ‘The Social Contract’.
→ Woodworth: Famous Psychalogist. He considered Psychology to be an interactive science of activities related to man.