Go through these RBSE Class 11 Indian Geography Notes Chapter 3 India: Cultural Unity in Geographical Diversity contain important concepts so that students can score better marks in the exam.
Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 11 Indian Geography Notes Chapter 3 India: Cultural Unity in Geographical Diversity
→ India is a rich country in geographical diversities, and due to this, various differences are seen among the human economic activities. As a result, different cultures are found in different parts of India.
Civilization, Culture and Geography
- The geographical conditions of a country largely result into both its physical as well as cultural aspects.
- The civilization and culture of a country is the reailisation of the geographical conditions of that area.
- Civilization relates to human’s physical necessities, while culture relates to the spiritual development of man.
- Due to differences in the geographical factors, diversities are found in Indian social structure, but its culture and cultural inheritence is strong enough to unite these diversities into a strong bond.
- The meaning of culture is the sum total of attitudes, customs and beliefs that distinguish one group of people from another. Also, culture is transmitted through language, material objects, rituals, institutions and art, from one generation to the other.
Cultural Unity in Food Diversity
- In India, there is remarkable diversity in food because of geographical diversities, but in the form of culture, the feeling of vegetarianism and live and let others live is inherent among the people.
- The cow is considered sacred as mother and her milk is regarded as nectar in entire India.
- The education and the modes of communication and transportation have provided unity to food diversity.
Cultural Unity in the Diversity of Medicine Methods
- India is a prosperous country with the view point of bio-diversity. Large deposits of herbs are found in India, which have a great importance not only in India, but also on world level.
- The Ayurvedic medicine system of India is certified and is the oldest. Besides it, Unani medicine, Allopathic, homeopathic medical systems are also found in India.
- The Ayurvedic medicine system provides unity to India.
Cultural Unity in the Diversity of Lifestyle
- Due to variation in geographical conditions in different regions of India, variation is also found in the way of dressing. The style of wearing lungi and chappal in southern India (Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu) is inspired by its geographical environment.
- As the students give performances in the dresses of different regions during cultural festivals in schools, the feeling of cultural unity sprouts in them since childhood itself.
- In the form of culture, unity is witnessed in entire India. Kanyadaan is regarded as the greatest form of charity in the entire country and women are given due respect in the society.
Cultural Unity in the Diversity of Fairs and Festivals
- Due to different religions and communities, a unique type of diversity is seen in the Indian festivals and fairs. But people from all religions celebrate all festivals with the feeling of brotherhood and they all participate in the fairs.
- The birthdays and death anniversaries of great men of India are celebrated by all the Indians joyfully.
Cultural Unity in the Diversity of Language and Literature
- India is a country of linguistic diversities and various dialects, but the words of Sanskrit language are found in almost every language.
- Vedas, Puranas, Upanishads, Ramayana and Bhagawad Gita are the immortal scriptures, which are written in Sanskrit, but are now being transtated into English as well as almost all other foreign languages.
- In all the scriptures written in India, Lord Rama, Krishna, Shiva and other Indian Gods and Goddesses have been considered ideal heroes.
Cultural Unity and Religion and Pilgrimage
- The Indian background is spiritual, where, almost all religions and communities of the world are found.
- The five elements (soil, water, fire, sky and air) have been recognised in Indian culture.
- The natural elements (water, air and insolation) have been considered as the controlling factors of human activities.
- The pilgrimages play an important role in the cultural unity of India. The pilgrimages have developed in the form of birth place or the death place of Indian thinkers, saints and great men. Most of the pilgrimages are situated on the banks of rivers, mountain-regions, coastal regions, caves and pious ponds.
- Ganga, Yamuna, Saraswati, Narmada, Godavari, Indus and Kaveri are known/as Saptasindhu.
- Mansarovar, Kurukshetra, Galtaji, Pushakar and Pampa-Sarovar have been considered as the most holy five major ponds.
- Adiguru Shankaracharya founded the Jyothirmath, Sringerimath, Shardamath and Govardhanamath.
- Badrinath, Dwarikapuri, Jagannathpuri and Rameswaram are four major Dhams (Pilgrimage Points).
- Varanasi, Haridwar, Ayodhya, Prayag, Ajmer, Ujjain, Mathura, Nashik, Amritsar, Dwarka, Sarnath, etc. are the important pilgrimage cities.
- The pilgrimages have strengthened the unity of India.
- The uninterrupted flow of rivers, the natural beauty of Indian mountains, and the charming coastal parts of India have created national integrity and unique satisfaction in the human beings.
- Due to Atheism and righteous virtues in Indian culture, qualities like generosity, tolerance, aggregation and receptivity have developed in the Indians.
- “Sarvebhavantu Sukhina” is the life philosophy of the Indians, which provides India the rank of “Vishwa Guru” (World Guru).
India: Cultural Unity in Geographical Diversity Notes Important Terms
→ Culture: The sum total of attitudes, customes and beliefs that distinguish one group of people from another. Culture is transmitted through language, material objects, ritual institutions and art, from one generation to the other.
→ Activity: Different works done by human.
→ Civilization: Civilization is related to material objects which exhibit the physical situation of an individual in the society.
→ Climate: The weather conditions prevailing in an area on an average or over a long period.
→ Vegetation: The entire flora of a region. Under this, algae, grasses, bushes, trees, etc. all the flora species are included.
→ Soil: The upper layer of earth in which plants grow; a black or dark-brown material, typically consisting of a mixture of organic remains, clay and rock particles.
→ Literature: The books and other written work, especially those considered to have creativeror artistic value or lasting value.
→ Agriculture: The science or practice of farming, including the cultivation of soil for the growing of crops and the rearing of animals to provide food.
→ Temperate zone: The part of earth’s surface lying between the Tropic of Cancer and Arctic Circle in the Northern Hemisphere and between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic Circle in the Southern Hemisphere are characterized by having a climate that is warm in the summer, cold in the winter and moderate in the spring.
→ Communication: The imparting or exchange of information by speaking, writing or using some other medium.
→ Ayurvedic: The traditional Hindu system of medicine (as incorporated in Atharva Veda, the last of the four vedas), which is based on the idea of balance in the body system, and which uses diet, herbal treatment and yogic breathing for treatment.
→ Allopathy: The western style of treatment of diseases by conventional means.
→ Homeopathy: A German system of complementary medicine in which aliments are treated by minute doses or natural substances, that, in larger amount, would produce the symptoms of the ailment.
→ Patent: A government authority or license, conferring a right or title for a set period, especially the sole right to exclude others from making, using or selling an invention.
→ Environment: The surroundings, conditions in which a person, animal or plant lives or functions.
→ Seasons: Seasons are divisions of the year, defined by changes in weather and position of the earth in it’s orbit.
→ Citizen: The state of being vested with the rights, privileges and duties of a citizen.
→ Infanthood: Child during the earliest period of life, sometimes extended to the age of 7 years.
→ Marriage: The legally or formally recognised union of two people as partners in a personal relationship, and in some jurisdictions, specially a union between a man and a woman.
→ Society: An aggregate of people living together in a more or less ordered community.
→ Lake: An expanse of water entirely surrounded by land and unconnected to the sea by rivers or streams.
→ Sanctuary: A wildlife sanctuary is a naturally-formed sanctuary such as an island, that provides protection for species from hunting, predation, sport or poaching.
→ National Park: A large area of land which provides government protection to the species from hunting, predation, sport or poaching.
→ Gulf or Bay: A large area of a sea or ocean partially enclosed by land; especially a long land-locked portion of sea opening through a strait.
→ Ocean: The vast body of saline water that covers almost three-fourth of the earth’s surface.
→ Island: An area of land smaller than a continent and entirely surrounded by water. A group of islands is called an archipelago.
→ Tourism: The practice of traveling for recreation, education, health and other purposes.
→ Language: The method of human communication, either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words in a structured and conventional way.
→ Information: The communication or reception of knowledge or intelligence.
→ Data: Facts and statistics collected together for reference or analysis.
→ Tourist: A tourist is a person who is visiting a place for pleasure and interest, especially when he is on a holiday.
→ Religion: The belief in and worship of a super human controlling power, especially a personal God or Goddess.
→ Insolation: Insolation is the solar radiation of the sun that reaches the earth’s surface. It is measured by the amount of solar energy received per square centimeter per minute.
→ Valley: A valley is a low area between hills or mountains, often with a river running through it.
→ Atheist: A person who disbelieves or lacks belief in the existence of God or Gods.
→ Theist: Belief in the existence of a God or Gods, especially, belief in the existence of one God.
→ Sapta Sindhu: The seven sacred rivers in Indian mythology. Often referred to in Rigveda and in Zend Avesta.
→ Village: A group of houses and associated buildings larger than a hamlet and smaller than a town situated in a rural area.
→ Town or city: An inhabited place of greater size, population, or importance, as compared to a rural village.
→ Location: A particular place or position where a creature, incident or something remarkable occurred.